Alexandria National Museum 1

 Alexandria National Museum 1


Alexandria National Museum 1

  • An exclusive article in Alexandria National Museum 1, which is one of the largest and most important museums in Alexandria.

  • It considered to be like a time machine, as it transports the wanderer inside it through different eras with all its historical and life details, as every painting and statue you can find legendary stories behind it.
  • It contains about 1.800 artifacts, ranging from the Pharaonic, Ptolemaic era to the Roman, Byzantine and Islamic eras.
  • The artifacts in it were brought from several museums, including the Egyptian Museum, the Museum of Islamic Art, the Museum of Coptic Art in Cairo, the Greco-Roman Museum, the Museum of Sunken Antiquities, and the Museum of Islamic Antiquities.

The importance of  Alexandria National Museum

  • Alexandria National Museum considered to be one of the most important and beautiful heritage buildings that characterize Alexandria.

  • It is located in Fouad Street, which considered to be one of the oldest streets in Alexandria.
  • The museum building was originally one of the most luxurious palaces in Alexandria
  • Then, it was later turned into a museum building.


Who was the owner of the palace

  • It was founded by the well-known timber merchant Asaad Pasha Basili, as a palace to live in it.

  • He was the head of the Orthodox denomination in Alexandria.

  • He was known for his wisdom and love of good, and gifted a mosque to Muslims, it was called (Basili Mosque), even though he was a Christian.

  • The palace was built in the Italian style, which was very popular style at that time in Alexandria.

  • Asaad Pasha Basili have been lived in it until 1954.
  • Then, he sold it to the American embassy for 53.000 Egyptian pounds, where it became the headquarters of the American consulate.

  • Then, after 42 years it was bought by the Supreme Council of Antiquities, for 12 million.
  • The building consists of three floors representing different eras from the bottom to the top according to the time period, where the first floor includes monuments for the Pharaonic era, the second for the Greco-Roman era, and the third for the Coptic and Islamic period monuments.

Alexandria National Museum collection

Statue of Ben Menkh


Alexandria National Museum 1


  • It was found in Dendera.
  • It’s a unique statue for an ancient Egyptian ruler called Ben Menkh, who ruled the city of Dandara in Luxor.

What is the different about this statue and making it unique?

  • This statue brought together three different cultures, where we find a man with Greek facial features, while wearing Roman clothes, and standing like the statues of the pharaohs
  • These details  made it unparalleled piece.

  • A group of pots founds in the pyramid of King Djoser.

A Model of pharaonic tomb 


Alexandria National Museum 1


  • This museum was distinguished by the conversion of the basement to a model of a Pharaonic tomb.

Alexandria National Museum 1

  • It includes a mummy, a collection of coffins, an amulets, and Canopic Jars (which was used to preserve the viscera of the deceased during a mummification).

Alexandria National Museum 1

Statue of god Anubis 


  • Anubis was the god of mummification in ancient Egypt.
  • He was represented in the form of a man with the head of a jackal, or a black jackal.

Servants Statues 

  • The ancient Egyptians were keen to put servants statues in their tombs to help them in the other world.

Alexandria National Museum 1


  • A statue of a servant forming the dough, for making bread.
  • It was made from Colored limestone.
  • A statue of a woman squeezing grapes.
  • It is clear that she is without clothes.
  • She raises her head as if she is talking to someone in front of her.
  • It was made from limestone.

The statue of the prisoners


Alexandria National Museum 1

  • It was found in Saqqara, which is the head of two prisoners statue (one Libyan and the other was Asian), the Libyan was distinguished by a round face and  thin chin, while the Asian was  distinguished with, a thick chin, a hooked nose, and a prominent cheekbone.

A statue of King Ramses II 

Alexandria National Museum 1


  • King Ramses II represented here kneeling, holding shrine by his both hands, on the shrine there are three statues, they are the god Amun, the god Ra, and the third is broken).

Block statue (Cube Statue)


Alexandria National Museum 1

  • Block statues were  characterized by the squatting posture of the person.
  • The purpose of carving the statue in this way is to preserve it from a breakage, and to obtain sufficient space for writing texts.
  • They were placed next to the doors of the graves, written on them some texts asking the visitors to ask forgiveness for the deceased.

Statue of "Caracalla"



  • Caracalla was the first one to carry out a massacre in the history.

  • The Egyptian sculptor portrayed him in the form of an obnoxious person to convey what the people felt towards him at the time, as his behavior was unpopular for Egyptians

  • Mockery of him spread among the people, until the emperor Caracalla decided to take revenge from them.

  • He carried out his famous massacre, which is the first in history before the massacre of Muhammad Ali Pasha against the Mamluks.

  • He gathered all the knights at that time under the pretext of inviting them to a feast.

  • Then, he slaughtered them, and their horses as well, he buried them in Kom al-Shuqafa cemetery

  • The number of victims of that massacre reached 20 thousand people.

                       《《《 To Be Continued part 2》》》

References

  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farouk_Hosny#:~:text=Farouk%20Hosny%20(or%20Hosni)%20(,Culture%20from%201987%20to%202011.
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canopic_jar
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramesses_II
  • https://www.britannica.com/biography/Muhammad-Ali-pasha-and-viceroy-of-Egypt
  • https://www.britannica.com/biography/Hosni-Mubarak
  • https://www.egypt-monuments1.website/2020/11/the-catacomb-in-alexandria-one-of-seven.html
  • https://www.egypt-monuments1.website/2020/12/alexandria-national-museum-part-2.html


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