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Alexandria National Museum 1


An exclusive article in Alexandria National Museum 1, which is one of the largest, and most important museums in Alexandria.

Alexandria National Museum 1

Alexandria National Museum 1 

  • It considered to be one of the most important, and beautiful heritage buildings that characterize Alexandria, this museum was like a time machine which transports the wanderer inside it through different eras, as every painting, and statue you can find in it, it had legendary stories behind it, it contains about 1.800 artifacts, ranging from the Pharaonic, Ptolemaic era to the Roman, Byzantine and Islamic eras, the artifacts in it were brought from several museums including the Egyptian Museum, the Museum of Islamic Art, the Coptic Art museum, the Greco-Roman Museum, the Museum of Sunken Antiquities, and the Museum of Islamic Antiquities, the museum building was originally one of the most luxurious palaces in Alexandria, then it was later turned into a museum building, it is located in Fouad Street, which considered to be one of the oldest streets in Alexandria.

Who was owner of the palace?

  • It was founded by the well-known timber merchant called Asaad Pasha Basili, as a palace to live in it, he was the head of the Orthodox denomination in Alexandria, he was known for his wisdom, and love of good, as he gifted a mosque to the Muslims, even though he was a Christian.

  • Asaad Pasha Basili have been lived in it until 1954, until he sold it to the American embassy for 53.000 Egyptian pounds, where it became the headquarters of the American consulate, then after 42 years it was bought by the Supreme Council of Antiquities for 12 million, as it was restored, renovated, and turned into a museum, which was inaugurated in September 2003, in the era of the former Minister of Culture Farouk Hosni, and the former President Mohamed Hosni Mubarak
  • The palace was built in the Italian style, which was very popular style at that time in Alexandria, the building consists of three floors representing different eras from the bottom to the top according to the time period, where the first floor includes monuments for Pharaonic era, the second for the Greco-Roman era, and the third for the Coptic and Islamic period monuments.

  • The way to display the antiquities in this museum are very distinctive, as the glass showcase are hung in the middle of the hall, so that the visitors can see the antiquities from all directions, unlike the glass showcase in other museums hanging on the wall.

A Model of pharaonic tomb 


Alexandria National Museum 1

  • This museum was distinguished by the conversion of the basement, to a model of a Pharaonic tomb, it includes a mummy, a collection of coffinsamulets, and Canopic Jars (which was used to preserve the viscera of the deceased during a mummification).

Alexandria National Museum 1



Alexandria National Museum 1

Alexandria National Museum Collection

Statue of god Anubis 

  • Anubis was the god of mummification in ancient Egypt, he was represented in the form of a man with the head of a jackal, or a black jackal.

Servants Statues 

  • The ancient Egyptians were keen to put servant statues in their tombs, to help them in the other world.

Alexandria National Museum 1

  • A statue of a servant forming the dough, for making bread, it was made from Colored limestone.
  • A statue of a woman squeezing grapes, it is clear that she is without clothes, she raises her head as if she is talking to someone in front of her, it was made from limestone.

Statue of the prisoners

Alexandria National Museum 1

  • Two prisoners statue (one Libyan and the other was Asian), the Libyan was distinguished by a round face and  thin chin, while the Asian was  distinguished with, a thick chin, a hooked nose, and a prominent cheekbone, it was found in Saqqara

A statue of King Ramses II 

Alexandria National Museum 1

  • King Ramses II represented here kneeling, holding shrine by his both hands, on the shrine there are three statues, they are the god Amun, the god Ra, and the third is broken).

Block statue (Cube Statue)


Alexandria National Museum 1

  • Block statues were  characterized by the squatting posture of the person, the purpose of carving the statue in this way is to preserve it from a breakage, and to obtain sufficient space for writing texts, they were placed it next to the doors of the graves, written on them inscriptions asking  the visitors to ask forgiveness for the deceased.

Statue of Ben Menkh

Alexandria National Museum 1

  • Statue of Ben Menkh considered to be a unique statue, as it brought together three different culture, as it's statue of a man with Greek facial features, wearing Roman clothes, and standing like the statues of the pharaohs, these details  made it unparalleled piece, Ben Menkh was an ancient Egyptian ruler, who ruled the city of Dandara in Luxor.

Statue of "Caracalla"

Alexandria National Museum 1

  • Caracalla was the first one to carry out a massacre in the history, the Egyptian sculptor portrayed him in the form of an obnoxious person to convey what the people felt towards him at the time, as his behavior was unpopular for Egyptians, Mockery of him spread among the people, until the emperor Caracalla decided to take revenge from them.He gathered all the knights at that time under the pretext of inviting them to a feast, then he slaughtered them, and their horses as well, he buried them in Kom al-Shuqafa cemeterythe number of victims of that massacre reached 20 thousand people, he carried out his famous massacre, which is the first in history before the massacre of Muhammad Ali Pasha against the Mamluks.

Head of Alexander the Great


Alexandria National Museum 1

  • A marble portrait of the head of Alexander the Great, it considered a masterpiece in the museum, represents Alexander here as young man because he died at an early age, his head is always slightly tilted, and his eyes look toward the sky, this look means that he is asking the gods to give him strength and support to establish the empire he dreamed of forming, it was made by the Greek sculptor Lysippus, who is a special sculptor of Alexander the Great.

  • A marble medallion that was distributed in sports competitions to the winners, it was without a wooden frame, this frame was made to protect it.

                                                《《《 To Be Continued part 2, part 3》》》


 

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Asmaa Ahmed

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