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Alexandria National Museum

 

An exclusive article in Alexandria National Museum 2, which is one of the largest, and most important museums in Alexandria.


Alexandria National Museum 2

Griffin Statue

Alexandria National Museum 2

  • Griffin is a mythical animal with the body of a lion,  the head and wings of an eagle, as it was considered to be powerful, and majestic creature, protecting from magic, and evil, the Griffin statue appeared in the slogans of the Middle Ages in Europe, this statue was found near Saqqara.


Mosaic floor panel of  Medusa


Alexandria National Museum

  • It was mosaic floor panel not mural, the reason of that, Medusa was from the untouchables, and the Greeks used to paint portraits of untouchables on the ground, to be trampled upon by feet.
  • Now we have to know, who was Meduse?! and why she was from untouchables?! The legend says that she was a very beautiful young girl, but she was deceived by her beauty, until she committed the sin of fornication inside the temple of the beauty god "Aphrodite", so she was punished from Aphrodite by transforming her into an ugly girl, and turning her hair into snakes.

Marble statue of Emperor Hadrian


Alexandria National Museum

  • Marble statue of Emperor Hadrian, on his war shirt there is a head of Medusa, which was used as an amulet in the war to intimidate the enemies, Hadrian was always represented in his statues in a calm, and handsome manner, because he was an emperor loved by the common people, as well as a lover of poetry and art.

Sunken Antiquities in Alexandria National Museum 

  • Alexandria National Museum 2 is unique in displaying sunken antiquities, which were recovered from the Mediterranean, the museum displays vivid pictures from the excavation of the sunken antiquities, so that the audience can have a visualization in their minds of the shape, and state of the antiquities before it was pulled from the water.
Alexandria National Museum

  • A statue of a Greek priest holding a canopic jar, and this type of jar dates back to the Pharaonic era, and not to the Greek era, as the Greeks who lived in Egypt used to imitate the Pharaonic civilization, and this was  kind of rapprochement  to the Egyptians.

A coin hall

  • Alexandria National Museum includes coins from a group of different eras, including a group of coins founds under the water in the Gulf of Abu Qir, and a group of other currencies dating back to the Byzantine, and Islamic era.

Alexandria National Museum

  • One of the most beautiful holdings of the Alexandria National Museum is a set of “sunken” gold coins dating back to the era of Louis XV and Louis XVI, which were found, and recovered from Alexandria sea bay, those coins sank with the destruction of the French fleet by the British fleet, both the British and French fleets engaged in a very violent naval battle, during which "Nelson", the commander of the British fleet, managed to eliminate the French fleet and killed nearly 1,700 French on August 2, 1798, known as Abu Qir Naval Battle, it is worth mentioning that this Coins were struck, and made in 17 different mints.

Alexandria National Museum

  • A limestone basin with gold ore inside, before it was liquefied and shapes were madem, this basin was the cornerstone of a temple.

Alexandria National Museum

  • A panel of the sunken antiquities that were recovered from Abu Qir Bay, discovered in 1899 AD, it belongs to the first king of Dynasty No. 30, King Nakhtneb,  this painting is a royal decree stipulating the necessity of allocating the value of one-tenth of the goods entering Alexandria's port, and granted in favor of the god Neith.

Hydra pottery


Alexandria National Museum 2

  • Hydra pottery was used to preserve the remains of the dead in it, these potteries still kept inside it the remains of a number of leaders, soldiers, and sporting heroes from the Roman era, the pots display drawings, and decorations showing the position of the owner, whether he was a commander, a fighter, or an athlete.

A human hand 

  • The museum includes a large artifact of a human hand, which is the oldest statue illustrating the human anatomy, which medical students were trained in it during the Greek era, as at that time it was not allowed, to train on human corpses.
Alexandria National Museum

  • A coffin cover statue representing a woman lying on a cushion.

Tanagra Statues

Alexandria National Museum 2

  • Tanagra statues are considered one of the most beautiful statues of this museum, and they are unique small statues made of clay, it were first discovered in large quantities in a country called Tanagra (located in northern Greece), they were used as votive statues or as funerary furniture, it were mainly found in the tombs of women, and children, not in tombs of men or the elderly.
  • It were characterized with the relaxed state, and a cute face, It showed the important aspect of the fashion life of the Greeks, which is the manner of wearing clothes, and head covering, they wore two pieces of clothes, a piece called chitōn, which is a dress, and over it a cloak that was wrapped around the dress called the himátion, as for the distinctive hairstyle of this era, they raise their hair, with many coiled tufts, sometimes they wear a hat similar to that of the Chinese, as they were influenced by the civilization of East Asia.

Christian Icons

  • Christian Icons were mostly made of wood, with a layer of plaster on them, and a layer of linen cloth on them, this museum includes many icons of high importance such as
Alexandria National Museum 2

  • Icon depicting a view of the crucifixion of Christ, on the head of  the Christ crown of thorns, blood appears on the forehead, chest, hands, and foot, the Blessed Virgin Mary stands to the right of Christ, while the Beloved John standing to the left, on each of them appears signs of grief, and sorrow, the heads of all of them are surrounded by a sacred aura of light.

Alexandria National Museum 2

  • Icon of the Last Supper of Christ with his disciples, the last supper that Jesus shared with his Apostles in Jerusalem, which was before his crucifixion.

Synaxar 

  • Synaxer was Christian religion book, it  includes days of feasts, and fasting days, they read from it in the daily prayers, it consists of two parts, the first part was for first half of the Coptic year, while the second part of the book, it was specialized for second half of the year, word synaxar was a Greek word, which meaning the collector of biographies, and news of the prophets, messengers, and martyrs.

The Badrshil 

Alexandria National Museum 2

  • The word Badrshil is a Greek word which means neck, it was dating back to the 18th century, which made in Alexandria, it has decorations in Arabic language that are prayers, and supplications, It was embroidered with golden threads, in addition it was decorated with scenes of the 12 apostles, disciples of Christ.

Frieze of Marble 

Alexandria National Museum 2

  • A frieze of marble, which was decorated with two lions and gazelle, the gazelle symbolizes the Christian religion, which was persecuted by the Jews and the Greeks, who symbolized by the two lions, surrounded by pomegranate trees.

Alexandria National Museum 2

  • Lamb symbolizes Christ, as he is the redemption of mankind.

Alexandria National Museum 2

  • Entrance tickets for Egyptians are 20 pounds, 5 pounds for the Egyptian student, 100 pounds for a foreigner, and 50 pounds for a foreigner.

Address of Alexandria National Museum 110 Al Horria Road, Alexandria Governorate, Egypt.



 

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Asmaa Ahmed

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