Alexandria National Museum

 

Alexandria National Museum 2


Alexandria National Museum 2

  • An exclusive article in Alexandria National Museum 2, which is one of the largest and most important museums in Alexandria.

Alexandria National Museum 2 collection

Griffin Statue 


Alexandria National Museum 2

  • It's a mythical animal with the body of a lion,  the head and wings of an eagle, So it was considered to be powerful and majestic creature, protecting from magic and evil.

  • The Griffin statue appeared in the slogans of the Middle Ages in Europe.

  • This statue was found near Saqqara.


Mosaic floor panel of a Medusa



 

  • It was mosaic floor panel not mural, The reason of that, Medusa was from the untouchables, and the Greeks used to paint portraits of untouchables on the ground, to be trampled upon by feet.
  • Now we have to know, who is Meduse?! and why she was from untouchables?!
  • The legend says that she was a very beautiful young girl, but she was deceived by her beauty, until she committed the sin of fornication inside the temple of the beauty god "Aphrodite"
  • She was punished from Aphrodite by transforming her into an ugly girl who carried snakes over her head instead of her hair.

Sunken Antiquities in Alexandria National Museum 




  • Alexandria National Museum 2 is unique in displaying sunken antiquities, which were recovered from the Mediterranean.
  • The museum displays vivid pictures from the excavation of the sunken antiquities, so that the audience can have a visualization in their minds of the shape and state of the antiquities before it was pulled from the water.

A coin hall


Alexandria National Museum 2


  • Alexandria National Museum includes coins from a group of different eras, including a group of coins founds under the water in the Gulf of Abu Qir and a group of other currencies dating back to the Byzantine and Islamic era.

Hydra pottery


Alexandria National Museum 2


  • It was used to preserve the remains of the dead in it, these potteries still kept inside it the remains of a number of leaders, soldiers and sporting heroes from the Roman era.
  • On the outside, the pots display drawings and decorations, showing the position of the owner of the remains, whether he was a commander, a fighter or an athlete.

A human hand 


  • The museum houses a large artifact of a human hand.
  • Which is the oldest scientific sculpture in human anatomy, the medical students in the Greek era, were trained with it.
  • It was not permitted at that time to train on human corpses.




  • A coffin cover statue representing a woman lying on a cushion.


Tanagra figurine


Alexandria National Museum 2


  • It considered to be one of the most beautiful collections of the museum.
  • They are small unique statues made from terra-cotta
  • The first group of Tanagra was discovered in a large quantity in Tanagra (in northern Greece), so those statues with the same characteristics were called Tanagra, due to the place they were first discovered.
  • They served as votive purpose or as Funeral furniture.
  • It was mainly found in the tombs of women and children and not in the tomb of men or the elderly
  • They were Shown in relaxed position, Shown with cute face.

The importance of  Tanagra figurine 

  • It showed the important aspect of the fashion life of the Greeks, which is the manner of wearing clothes and head coverings.

Christian Icons

  • Icons were mostly made of wood, with a layer of plaster on them, and a layer of linen cloth on them.
  • The museum includes many icons of high importance such as

Icon depicting a view of the crucifixion of Christ


Alexandria National Museum 2

  • The head of Christ is surrounded by the aura of holy light.
  • On the head of Christ the crown of thorns appears, and blood appears on the forehead, chest, hands, and foot.
  • The Blessed Virgin Mary stands to the right of Christ and the Beloved John, standing to the left of Christ, and on each of them the signs of grief and sorrow appear.
  • The heads of each of them are surrounded by a sacred aura of light.

Icon of the Last Supper of Christ with his disciples


Alexandria National Museum 2


  • The last supper that Jesus shared with his Apostles in Jerusalem before his crucifixion.

Synaxar 


  • It was a Greek word, meaning "collector", meaning the collector of biographies and news of the prophets, messengers, and martyrs
  • It also includes memorials for feasts and fasting days, arranged according to the days of the year, and is read from it in daily prayers.
  • It consists of two parts, the first part is read in the first half of the Coptic year, while the second part is read in the second half of the Coptic year.

The Badrshil 


Alexandria National Museum 2


  • The word Badrshil is a Greek word which means neck.
  • It was dating back to the 18th century.
  • It was made in Alexandria, It has decorations in Arabic that are prayers, and supplications.
  • It was embroidered with golden threads.
  • Decorated with scenes of the 12 apostles, disciples of Christ.

Frieze of Marble 


Alexandria National Museum 2


  • A frieze of marble, decorated with two lions and gazelle, the gazelle symbolizes the Christian religion, which was persecuted by the Jews and the Greeks, who symbolized by the two lions, surrounded by pomegranate trees.

Alexandria National Museum 2

  • Lamb symbolizes Christ, as he is the redemption of mankind.

Alexandria National Museum 2

Entrance fee of Alexandria National Museum 

  • Entrance tickets for Egyptians are 20 pounds, 5 pounds for the Egyptian student, 100 pounds for a foreigner, and 50 pounds for a foreigner.

The address of Alexandria National Museum 

  • 110 Al Horria Road, Alexandria Governorate, Egypt.
            《Alexandria National Museum Part 1

References 

  • https://www.egypt-monuments1.website/2020/12/alexandria-national-museum-part-1.html
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanagra_figurine
  • http://www.alexandria.gov.eg/services/tourism/alextourism/museums/alexmusuem.html
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesus
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary,_mother_of_Jesus
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qaitbay
  • https://www.egypt-monuments1.website/2020/11/qaitbay-fort.html










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