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Horemheb Tomb Saqqara


Horemheb Tomb Saqqara



  • Horemheb Tomb Saqqara, this tomb is distinguished with it's unique design and decoration.

The location of the Tomb

  • located south of the ascending way of the pyramid complex of king Unas at Saqqara, (which considered to be an open museum, which houses the most of the traces of ancient Egyptian history).

Who was Horemheb

  • Horemheb was the commander of the army during the reign of King Akhenaten and  King Tutankhamen, and after the death of Tutankhamun, he took over the rule.
  • He was the last pharaohs of eighteenth dynasty.
  • Horemheb ruled Egypt for thirty years.
  • King Horemheb was the first in history to lay down legislation and laws to regulate the life of the public.
  • He restored stability to Egypt after a period of chaos.

Horemheb Tomb Saqqara

  • His tomb at Saqqara was built when he was a commander of the army, and when he became king, he built another tomb in the Valley of the Kings on the western bank in Luxor No.KV 57.
  • His wife was buried in his tomb in Saqqara, who called "Mutnedjmet", while he was buried in his tomb in Valley of the Kings.
  • A large part of the tomb of Commander Horemheb was dismantled, stolen, and transported in 1835 AD.
  • It was distributed to the museums of Berlin - London - the Louvre -  and the Egyptian Museum.
  • These stones are engraved with details of his military heroics in wars and the details of his life.
Horemheb Tomb Saqqara

  • The tomb was designed as a funerary temple, because its layout is similar to the components of the temple.
  • It consists of a huge pylon with a height of 7 m, on both sides of which are two towers, and its surface is not engraved.
  • The burial chamber, located underground, was accessed through a vertical well-cut across the floor of the inner courtyard.

Scenes from the tomb of Horemheb


  • A view of transporting an obelisk from the "Horemheb" cemetery in Saqqara.

The female writers


Horemheb Tomb Saqqara


  • scenes show female writers during the counting of the campaign spoils of General Horemheb.
  • Notice the bags hanging on the wall.  
  • This is an evidence that Egyptian women have been educated and working since prehistoric times.

The prisoner woman in ancient Egypt 


Horemheb Tomb Saqqara

  • A scene that represents the wonderful humanity in ancient Egypt, as it represents the ancient Egyptian morals in dealing with prisoners.
  •  At the beginning of the scene, there are male prisoners bound by their hands.
  •  Behind them a woman carries her child over her head (In Egyptian villages, women still carry their babies like this), while a soldier holds her by her hands, he did not tie her like men out of respect for her and her motherhood.
Horemheb Tomb Saqqara

  • Egyptian soldiers lead a group of prisoners, bound by wooden handcuffs, which were used at that time. 
  • They were placed around the prisoner's neck and hands, which restricts their movements.

The oldest appearance of the translator 


  • This is the oldest appearance in the history of the translator.
  • During the reign of the great leader Horemheb, he was able to restore the prestige of ancient Egypt in the eyes of its neighboring countries, after the security and political deterioration that occurred during the reign of King Akhenaten.
  • We notice in this unique scene the presence of a translator who transfers, and translates the requests of foreign delegations to the king.
  • The translator was portrayed in a double image to illustrate his movements between foreign delegations, to listen to them sometimes, and return to convey what they say to the commander Horemheb, who was portrayed here wearing many necklaces.
  • Note how the members of the delegation prostrate, to salute the Commander and King Horemheb, while they stick their beards on the ground.



Honoring  of Horemheb 



Horemheb Tomb Saqqara


  • A scene representing Horemheb's honor with necklaces as a reward for his military activity, while he was leading the Egyptian army before he ascended to rule Egypt.


Scene of the prisoners 


Horemheb Tomb Saqqara


  • A group of prisoners are tied, and an Egyptian soldier stands to record their numbers, and other stands holding a stick, so everyone sits in a row.

The pelican breeding


Horemheb Tomb Saqqara


  • Notice:- In the upper row there are 2 cages containing pelican eggs, the upper cage shows young chicks after they emerged from the eggs, and the lower cage shows the eggs.
  • Notice:- The sitting farmer who whistling for them.


Horemheb Tomb Saqqara

  • Women crying, and wailing  at Horemheb's funeral.  
  • Notice: the detailing of the scene, the carefully combed hair, and the way it was tied back

The Mummy 

  • It wasn't discovered yet.

What does his name means


Horemheb Tomb Saqqara

  • His full name is Horemheb Meri Amoun, and it means "Hor on the Festival, Beloved Amun."


Entrance fee

  • 140 LE for foreigners, 70 LE for foreigners student.
  • 10 LE for Egyptian, 5 LE for the Egyptian student.

References 

  • https://www.britannica.com/biography/Akhenaten
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mutnedjmet
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Archaeological_Civic_Museum_(MCA)_of_Bologna
  • https://www.lonelyplanet.com/egypt/nile-valley/luxor/attractions/valley-of-the-kings/a/poi-sig/437492/355253
  • https://www.lonelyplanet.com/egypt/nile-valley/luxor/attractions/tomb-of-horemheb-kv-57/a/poi-sig/1469918/355253
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unas


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