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Red Monastery


Red Monastery

  • Red Monastery considered to be one of the most important monasteries built in early Christian times.
  • Red Monastery located to the west of Sohag, about 21 km away.
  • The monastery was built as an extension of the Abyad Monastery, which was headed by Anba Shenouda, and it is approximately 4 km away from it.
  • The Red Monastery was built by Anba Beshay in the early fourth century AD.
  • The monastery was built on the ruins of a Pharaonic temple, and includes columns of the Pharaonic and Roman style, as well as Coptic inscriptions.
  • It was designed like the design of the Holy Sepulcher Church in Jerusalem, Palestine.

Why it called Red Red Monastery 

  • It was called the Red Monastery, where red bricks were used as a basic material in its construction, and white limestone and some pink and black granite columns were used.

Importance of Mostary

  • The Red Monastery is one of the last three remaining landmarks of Byzantine architecture in the world, namely the Church of San Vitale in Ravenna in Italy, and  Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, Turkey.
  • It considered to be one of the most important monasteries built in early Christian times.
  • The Red Monastery considered to be one of the open museums.

Icons of  monastery 

  • The ancient red monastery contains the largest number of Coptic icons in the world, according to the classification of the UNESCO.

  • The icons inside the monastery date back to the 7th century AD, all of it consists of 3 layers to protect it.

  • Icon of the milkweed, which is rare as it is one of the eight icons in the world.

Red Monastery

  • Some icons depict a group of Israel’s prophets, pictures representing the popes of the church during the construction period, icons representing verses from the Bible and stories from the Christian faith, such as Christ on the Throne and the Nursing Virgin.
  • All the roofs and walls of the monastery are covered with drawings that illustrate the greatness of Coptic art at that time.

Red Monastery

Main church

  • The monastery has a three-arched church structure, which is one of its most important features, if not the most important one, which is adorned with arched gables, which is the same style as the temple of Baalbek in Lebanon.

  • The monastery consists of the main archaeological church and the palace of Empress Helena, she was mother of the king "Constantine", she built it when she knew that the monks gathered in this area.
  • In addition to the archaeological sanctuary around the church, the Coptic tombs and the monastery farm, and the monastery has an archaeological well that was established at the time of the monastery's establishment.

Red Monastery

The Fortress 


  • The monastery was originally built in the deserts far from the cities, where the monks founded it to survive the Roman persecution, which began in the era of Diocletian.
  • The presence of the monastery in the desert could have exposed it to the attack of the nomads, so the need to create a fortress inside the monastery came to take shelter in it at the time of the attacking attacks on  Monastery.

  • The monastery was burned twice, first during the Roman rule, and the second by the Berbers.
  • Restoration works began on the monastery in 2003, at a cost of $30 million.

  • In 2012, the monastery was placed on the World Heritage List, and it was the first Egyptian archaeological site to enter the list.

Red Monastery


Column crown take the form of grape leaves and the face of an eagle.

Visit Red Monastery from home

  • "Visit Egypt from home" is a slogan raised by the Ministry of Tourism in its campaign to organize virtual visits to archaeological sites with a 360-degree imaging technology on social media, in light of the spread of precautionary measures this period after the spread of the Corona virus in many countries of the world.

#StayHome

#StaySafe

#ExperienceEgyptFromHome


References 

  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baalbek
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helena,_mother_of_Constantine_I
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diocletian




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