Ramesseum Temple

Ramesseum Temple

Ramesseum Temple

  • Ramesseum Temple considered to be one of the most famous funerary temples in Egypt.
  • The temple was called "Ramesseum", after Ramesses II

  • The temple was known also as palace of millions of years.

Ramesseum Temple

  • Although the temple is now largely destroyed, its ruins indicate that it was intended to show the greatness and position of Ramses II among the kings.

  • Because it is a funeral temple, most of the drawings inside the temple are of a religious nature, expressing a spiritual message to the deity, so that he can immortalize in eternal life, and his great deeds will be his intercessor during his journey in the other world.

King Ramses II 

  • He ruled 67 years and his era witnessed a great construction renaissance in architecture.

  • He is the most famous of the Pharaohs of the Eighteenth Dynasty.

  • King Ramses II ordered its construction, with the intention of demonstrating the greatness and stature of him among the kings.

  • The construction continued on this temple for 20 years.

The wall of Ramesseum Temple 

  • Ramesseum temple is surrounded by a huge mud brick wall, 270 meters long, and 175 meters wide.
  • The temple is 180 meters long, and 66 meters wide.

Anubis passageway

  • It located at the entrance to the Ramesseum temple.
  • This passageway was for high-ranking visitors and priests.

Ramesseum Temple

Rare unique style statue of Ramses II in the protection of Anubis

The largest antique statue in the world

Ramesseum Temple

  • The temple contains the ruins of one of the world's largest statues, whose weight is estimated at 1,000 tons and is 16 meters long.

  • The statue was found, foll on its back, crushed into dozens of stone blocks, at the entrance to the Ramesseum temple.

  • Opinions differ as to why this unique statue was destroyed, some believe that it was destroyed due to a strong earthquake that struck the country in 27 BC, but recent archaeological studies have proven that it was deliberately fallen at the beginning of the Coptic era.

  • Despite the great importance of the statue of Ramses II as the largest archaeological statue in the world, it was neglected for decades, and it remained debris lying at the entrance to the temple, without any restoration befitting its history.

The store rooms

Ramesseum Temple

  • The temple is surrounded on three sides with corridors, and storerooms with domed mud-brick ceilings.

  • They were most likely used to store grains, clothes, skins, pots of oils, wine, and beer.

  • The fame of this temple is due to its storerooms which surrounding it, as many papyri were found inside it.
  • This papyrus tells us the secrets of the Pharaonic civilization, including the famous papyrus which called Sinuhe Papyrus, which considered to be one of the finest works of ancient Egyptian literature.

Egyptian Antiquities Mission

  • The Egyptian-French Antiquities Mission headed by Christian Laplan, working at the Ramesseum temple, found important remains of the temple dating back to 19th and 20th dynasties, including a group of public kitchens, butcher's buildings, huge stores in addition to the school that was dedicated to the education of workers' children.

The inscriptions inside the temple are divided into two parts:-

  • Political inscriptions showing Ramses II in the battle against the Hittites in the famous Battle of Kadesh.
  • This battle was dated to the fifth year of the reign of King Ramses II.

  • It ended with the victory of Ramses II, and the conclusion of the first peace treaty in history.

  • In addition to his disciplinary campaigns against Syrian cities.

  • Egyptian murals are full of life as well as comic depictions, especially an inscription found on the walls of the Ramesseum Temple, depicting Ramses II in his struggle with the Hittites.
Ramesseum Temple

  • A striking scene of a knight as he tries to escape from Ramses II towards the castle, and raises his shield in great fear to protect him from Ramses arrows, which have already hit his ass.

  • Religious inscriptions inside the Ramesseum temple show the importance of good behavior of Ramses II with  gods, and his respect for them, to be a good example for the rest of the Egyptians because he believes that by doing that, the gods will provide him with security, peace, prosperity, and the continuation of the flood of the Nile, which grazes agricultural crops.

Ramesseum Temple

  • God Jahouti records the king's name on the leaves of the sacred tree.

  • Ramesseum temple  is available to visit from 6 A.m, until 6 P.m.


  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Story_of_Sinuhe
  • https://www.britannica.com/topic/Ramesseum
  • https://www.nationalgeographic.com/culture/article/ramses-ii
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kadesh

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