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Salah El Din  Castle in Taba


Salah El Din  Castle in Taba

  • Salah El Din  Castle in Taba was distinguished by being an eyewitness to many influential events in the history of Egypt.
  • Its strategic location on the Gulf of Aqaba, made it a tourist destination for thousands of tourists visiting for the purpose of tourism in Taba.

  • We have to know that Egypt has 3 castles attributed to the great Commander Salah El Din al-Ayyubi

                      Saladin Castle in Cairo.
                      Saladin Castle in Ras Sidr.
                      Saladin Castle in Taba.

      Salah El Din  Castle in Taba

      Pharaoh's Island 

      • Its name Pharaoh's Island goes back to the use of this island for the first time during the reign of the Pharaonic King Ramses II.

      The importance of the Citadel 

      • The Citadel of Saladin represents an important historical and cultural value, being a fortress to ward off military dangers and external invasion during the period of the "Arab - Crusader" conflict during the twelfth and thirteenth century's AD.

      • Through its walls, you can see the borders of 4 countries, namely, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and Palestine.

      • In addition to the Israeli port of Eilat, and the Jordanian port of Aqaba.
      • It was rebuilt by Commander Saladin in 567 AH, 1171 AD, to protect the Egyptian pilgrimage route through Sinai.

      • It considered to be one of the most important Islamic monuments in Sinai.

      • It was established on a coral island.

      • The castle is classified at the present time by UNESCO as World Heritage Site in 2003.

      The history of the place

      • The first to use this unique island was King Ramses II.
      • He was followed by Emperor Justinian, where he set up a lighthouse over the island to direct the merchant ships in the sixth century AD, and the emperor left a garrison of soldiers to manage, and guard it, so he set up housing for them, in addition to the church.

      • The Crusaders used it as a fortress during the reign of the King of Jerusalem Baldwin I, to be on the middle trade route between the Far East and the countries of Europe.
      • In the Mamluk era, this island was used as a defensive point to secure the pilgrimage routes and the pilgrims caravan due to its proximity to the last point of the Hajj Road.


      Religious Tolerance for Salah El Din


      • When Saladin rebuilt this castle, he did not try to destroy, or obliterate the church which built by Emperor Justinian out of respect for the Christians.

      Sauna

      • Despite the harsh conditions of war that the soldiers of Saladin lived inside the castle, Salah El Din established a Sauna for his soldiers inside it,  to maintain health,  cleanliness, and to be as recreational area to them.

      • It consists of three rooms, the first room was to change clothes, which had terraces to sit on, in preparation for entering a long passage that leads to the two hot rooms, where the heat is gradually graduated from the second to the third hotter room, and this gradient to prevent infection with colds.


      Homing pigeon tower

      • A homing pigeon tower was found in the castle

      • The first to organize homing pigeons to transmit government messages was Sultan Nuruddin Mahmoud, who took over the rule of the Levant in 1146 AD, as he organized the transport of mail between Cairo and Damascus via the homing pigeon through Gaza and Jerusalem, as well as between Cairo and Alexandria.


      The Water tank


      • There is water tank in the castle, It was carved into the rock.

      • In the event of a lack of rain, the reservoir would be filled from a well in Wadi Taba, as the water was transported by boats to the castle.

      Castle Mosque 

      • It was built by “Prince Hussam al-Din Bajil bin Hamdan ”

      Entrance fees

      •  160 EGP for the foreign tourist.

      •  80 Egyptian pounds for a foreign student up to the age of thirty.

      visiting hours

      •  Daily from 9 a.m to 17 p.m

      References 

      • https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007%2F978-90-481-2639-2_129
      • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pharaoh%27s_Island
      • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taba,_Egypt
      • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eilat
      • https://www.britannica.com/place/Sinai-Peninsula
      • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Port_of_Eilat
      • https://www.history.com/topics/africa/saladin
      • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justinian_I
      • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baldwin_I_of_Jerusalem
      • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nur_ad-Din_(died_1174)
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