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Habu Temple


Habu Temple (the Funerary Temple Of Ramses III), It considered to be one of the largest, and most important temple dedicated to the memorial of king in the era of the New Kingdom.

Habu Temple

  • Habu Temple was built by The great warrior king Ramses III, to hold in it his funeral rites, and to worship the god Amun, in addition it was a temple for feasts, as it records the details of 282 feasts known to ancient Egyptian, the Temple of Habu is so unique among the Egyptian temples with its inscriptions, and scenes, It was like the jewel of the Pharaonic civilization on the western bank.

Names Given To Habu Temple

  • The temple and the archaeological monuments which surrounded it, were large enough to be called a city  of Habu, or Madinet Habu in Arabic, as it includes a large area of 320 meters in length from east, to west, and 200 meters in width from north to south, another name was given to it, such as the Palace of millions of years for the king of Upper and Lower Egypt, in addition it was the only fortified temple in Egypt.

Who was the great warrior king Ramses III?

  • Ramses III was the most famous ruler in the Twentieth Dynasty, the last ruler in the new kingdom in Egyptian history, the Greeks knew him as Ramaxenetus, he followed his father Ramses II, in embarking on building huge construction projects, Ramses III was a king, and his father was a king, in addition to that he was the father of kings, and despite his assassination, 3 of his children remained kings, namely Ramses IV, Ramses VI, and Ramses VIII.

Description of Habu temple

  • Description of Habu temple it begins with a marina for ships, the temple has the distinction of being the only one among the temples of the western bank which is surrounded by two walls, one of which is internal, and the other external,  between them were built houses for the priests, and temple officials, the temple begin with a giant gate, which was established to protect the temple from the threat of invasion, due to the many wars fought by Ramses III.

Scenes on the outer walls

Habu Temple

  •  scene on the outer walls of his giant gate, represents the usual scene for which most of the kings of the new kingdom were famous, as the king appears in one of the battles, holding the enemies from their hair, in a position of readiness to strike the enemies, he was holding them from their hair because it is a weak point for any human, and they could be controlled well from this point.

Habu Temple

  • There are scenes representing King Ramses III beating enemies in front of the god Ra Hor Akhti.

Forms of the enemies which represented in Habu temple 

The Palestinians was represented with a helmet, and feathered hoods, the Libyans was represented with a helmet with a long beardSea Peoples was represented with a helmet and two horns, while the Nubian was represented with the curly hair.

Habu Temple

  • A unique scene that represents the king outside hunting in his  charioteer and pointing his arrows at a group of lions in the desert, the artist excelled in this scene, where he depicted a lion under the charioteer and it appeared that he had been hunted, and the other arrow on his back and appear on his face signs of severe pain and fear  From the king, below the charioteer there are soldiers, as if it were war.

Views on the pylon

Habu Temple

Scene on the walls of the Temple of Medinet Habu in Luxor by King Ramses III, showing the count of the number of hands amputated by that great king, for those who dared on the land of Egypt, to warning everyone who thinks to insulting Egypt, and its people, in  this scene we find the chief of the soldiers presenting the enemies' severed hands to the king, and behind him stands a person who carefully records the number, the text next to him shows that he was recording, how many prisoners of war?, and if they are all belong to the same race, or not.

Habu Temple

In the passage between the two towers there are two black granite statues of the goddess Sekhmet, which wss represented by the head of a lioness.

  • The first Colonnade hall was destroyed, during the earthquake that occurred in the year 27 AD, while the second colonnade hall was also demolished over time, leaving only the third colonnade hall, which was distinguished by three entrances, entrance in the middle to reach the shrine of the Holy of Holies,  which specialized to the god Amun, the second entrance leads to the shrine of the god Khonsu, the third entrance leads to the shrine of the goddess Mut, the colors of the walls and roofs of the city are still present despite its establishment in approximately 3200 BC, about 5200 AD.

Ancient Egyptian civilization is root of everything

Habu Temple

  • The ancient Egyptian civilization is the root of everything, as there is scene in  Habu temple depicts the ritual release of the pigeons during occasions, until now, we find that one of the important aspects of the celebrations is the release of the pigeons as a symbol of freedom, and peace.  
  • The hieroglyphic writings on the walls of this temple are so deep, unlike other temples, as the king Ramses III saw that the inscriptions and writings of kings before him had been stolen or erased, so by making the inscriptions so deep in the walls, it could not be stolen.

Royal palace of king Ramses III

  • Royal palace of King Ramses III was beside his temple, In the palace, there were a hall where the king was get out from it, to the temple directly, it was called "the hall of transfiguration", in which the king used to appear to greet his people, in order to supervise the celebrations and rituals that were held in the temple, while in the Coptic era, the courtyard of this giant temple was transformed into a church.

Photographer "Eadweard Muybridge" and Habu Temple 

Habu Temple

  • Rare scene in Habu Temple of horses running, and while they are running they raise their back and front legs completely off the ground, it is difficult for the human eye to capture this fleeting moment in a horse running motion, but the genius ancient Egyptian artist captured, and documented this unique scene in the Temple of Medinet Habu, in the beginning humans could not confirm this thing, until 1878  photographer from San Francisco who called "Eadweard Muybridge" confirmed that, after five years of attempts, 24 cameras were placed in the racing of horses, between  each one about 30 cm apart.

He made cameras take pictures sequentially one by one, while the horses were running, the experiment succeeded, and he was able to obtain clear pictures of the horse's feet, and one of these pictures was actually showing the four feet of the horse rising from the ground, so he proved the genius of the ancient Egyptian artist who discovered that, more than 4 thousand years ago.

Habu Temple

First naval fleet in history

Habu Temple

  • The archaeologists called King Ramses III, the greatest military commander because he fought on land, and at sea, in Asia, Africa, and Libya, there is a scene of the battle of the Egyptian fleet with the invading Sea Peoples in Habu temple, it considered to be the first naval battle in history.

Habu Temple

German painter Alfred Bollacher, copying the hieroglyphs engraved on the walls of Medinet Habu temple in 1920.

Entrance fee of Habu

  • Entrance fee of Habu Temple 100 pounds for a tourist, and 50 pounds for foreigner student, 10 LE for Egyptian, 5 LE for  the Egyptian student. 


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Asmaa Ahmed

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