Memphis Global Museum 1

 

Memphis Global Museum 1


Memphis Global Museum 1


  • A unique article about Memphis Global Museum 1 (Mit Rahina), which is one of the most important museums in Egypt.
  • Memphis was one of the oldest, and most important cities in ancient Egypt.
  • It is an ancient Egyptian city, it was classified among the world heritage sites.
  • It’s location about 20 km south of Giza plateau.

Who founded Memphis?

  • King Mina (the founder of the First Dynasty), he was the one who founded Memphis and made it the first capital to Egypt.
  • He chose this location because it is in the middle of Egypt, as Egypt was similar to the lotus flower (the stem is in the valley, and the flower is in the delta), and the capital is in the middle of the flower.

Names given to Memphis

  • It was called "Enab-Hajj" which means “white walls” in hieroglyphs, as it was built with mud bricks and was painted with white colour.
  • Then, it was known as Men-nefer  which means (the enduring and beautiful) then it was translated by the Greeks from Men-nefr  into Memphis.
  • Now it called "Mit-Rahina" in relation to the great temple of the god Ptah, which was located in this area
  • On both sides of the road which leading to the temple, there were statues in the form of rams, and they were called in hieroglyphs "Mit-Rahina".

The Importance Of Memphis

  • It remained the capital of Egypt in the Old Kingdom era from the first to the sixth dynasty.
  • It remained the administration  capital of Pharaonic Egypt, due to its strategic location, even when the Egyptian capital moved to Thebes (Luxor).
  • It was a center for the manufacture of weapons, warships and army training.
  • It remained as a mirror that reflects the civilized face of Egypt, as it been always an expression of the glow of the Egyptian civilization.
  • It served as a key to all the gates of Egypt, and no conqueror in ancient Egypt could reach deep into Egypt unless he was able to control Memphis at first.
  • Most of the Egyptian kings sought throughout all ages, consecrating building inside it, to bless the city, and its Lord.
  • The historians in the Roman era witnessed that Memphis was a civilized city, in terms of planning and dividing the city, the coordination of the buildings of the city with the aesthetic shape was taken into account.
  • The houses had the form of a square and consisted of one or two floors as a maximum, taking into account the existence of a garden for each house.


Memphis Global Museum 1

  • Memphis Global Museum 1 was established by the Egyptian Antiquities Authority in 1985.
  • The Museum consists of two parts, the indoors Museum, and the outdoors Museum.

The Indoor Part

  •  It is an upper platform so that the visitor can see the huge statue of Ramses II and pass around it easily.


The colossal statue of king Ramses II


Memphis Global Museum 1


Brief in King Ramses II


  • Ramses II was one of the most famous Egyptian kings who ruled Egypt in its golden age.
  • He was the son of King Seti I, and the grandson of Ramses I, and the third pharaoh who ruled Egypt in the 19th Dynasty.
  • He was known as Ramesses the Great, his successors called him  the "Great Ancestor”.
  • Ramses was crowned as the Pharaoh of Egypt when he was only 25 years old.
  • He ruled for (66) years, he had over 200 wives and concubines (96) sons and (60) daughters.
  • Although he was called the hero of the war, he considered to be the first ruler in the world to sign a peace treaty. 


The statue of Ramses II 


  • It was made from limestone, it is a twin to the famous giant statue of King Ramses II, which transferred from Memphis to the middle of Ramses Square (formerly this area called Bab al-Hadid) which is in the heart of Cairo.
  • In the ancient time both of the statues were stood outside the great temple of Ptah in Memphis, this temple was one of the greatest and largest temples in Egypt at all.
  • The statue was discovered in the same place as where it currently stands, it considered to be one of the most important features of the museum.
  • It was discovered by an Italian archaeologist in (1821), he decided to give it to the British Museum, but it was fortunate for the Egyptians that it was not transported there due to the heavyweight of the statue.

Description of the statue 

  • It is about 14 meters long and weighs from 80 to 100 tons, equivalent to the weight of 10 buses.
  • The king appear here wearing the most famous headdress, it was known as the (NEMS), which is a piece of cloth placed over the head to pass around the forehead and behind the ears.
  • It was tied at the base of the neck so that its ends hang above the shoulders and on the chest, it was symbolizes the pharaoh's power.

Memphis Global Museum 1

  • The ureau was above the headdress (Nems) in the forehead of the king, as it was believed that the serpent was a form of protection for him, as it will spew fire on the king's enemies when they attack him.

Memphis Global Museum 1

  • Long beard was wear by kings to distinguish them from the rest of humanity, they placed it in occasion as an evidence of the king’s divinity, while the statue’s smiling face represents mercy and tolerance.
  • The statue has 10 Cartouches bearing the king's names distributed on his belt, bracelet, and his right shoulder.
  • The chest muscles in this statue are prominent, and this is evidence of the physical strength of the king.


 Horus Wand (Balance stick)


  • King Ramses II was holding  a pair of small sticks (about the size of a fist), one held in the right hand and the other in the left hand, it was called the Horus wand.
  • The Horus wand was not just a symbol, but a sophisticated technological tool to balance the electromagnetic energy in the human body.
  • One of the Russian researches center conducted experiments on that stick, they discovered that the ancient Egyptians used to manufacture that stick in the form of a cylindrical hollow inside that is filled with certain metals and stones.
  • So, that one stick emit positive electrical vibrations, while the other stick emits negative magnetic vibrations.
  • When holding this pair of sticks at the same time (each one in the hand assigned to it), a balance occurs in the electromagnetic energy in the human body, and thus a balance occurs for the person on the level Mental, psychological and physical.
  • The Russian Research Center conducted scientific experiments on the stick of Horus and discovered its scientific idea and commercialized it.
  • So the Egyptian stick of Horus became sold commercially for medical purposes aimed at stimulating the human immune system and energy therapy by creating the required balance in the body's energy.
  • There is a dagger in the belt of the king, decorated with a handle on the shape of two heads of the falcon of Horus, and its purpose was to protection.

                       《 To be CONTINUED 》

                              Part 2
                              Part 3

References

  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memphis,_Egypt
  • https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ramses-II-king-of-Egypt
  • https://worldarchitecture.org/world-buildings/ffhp/ramses-square-becomes-ramses-park-building-page.html
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seti_I
  • https://www.egypt-monuments1.website/2020/11/the-grand-
egyptian-museum-gem-gift-from.html
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramesses_I


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