Memphis Global Museum 2

 

Memphis Global Museum 2


Memphis Global Museum 2

  • A unique article in Memphis Global Museum 2 (Mit Rahina), which is one of the most important museums in Egypt.

Statue Of The God "Jahuti"


Memphis Global Museum 2


  • Statue of the god "Jahuti" was in the form of a baboon.
  • It is considered to be one of the sacred animals in ancient Egypt religion, because their cries at sunrise are considered a salute to the god Ra, the sun god. 
  • It represents the god of wisdom and magic.

Statue Of The God Bes


  • Statue of the God Bes was made from hard limestone.
  • It represents the god of humour, and funny.
  • They formed him as a small dwarf, with wide eyes, smiling, sticking his tongue out of his mouth.
  • It had been combined between the form of a human, and a monkey in it.
  • They were keen to put statues of him in Pharaonic weddings, to provoke laughter and fun in  Attendees.
  • He was holding Tambourine to drive away evil spirits.
  • The Egyptians implemented the statue after the Pharaonic state's incursion into the middle of Africa, as dwarfs spread in that region with these characteristics.


Memphis (outdoor) Museum

A granite Statue Of King Ramses II

 

Memphis Global Museum 2


  • It was found by farmer, by chance in (1840).
  • The king here  wearing the blue crown, which called (KHEPRESH), it is one of the crowns famous in wars, as the king wears it in military ceremonies.
  • There are two pillars on both sides of the statue, one of them is for the god Ptah and the other for the god Jahoti, the god of wisdom.
  • The name of  king Ramses II  was Written on the statue by mistake, but the artistic features of the statue proved that King Thutmose IV who ruled Egypt before King Ramses II about 150 years, was the real owner of this statue.
  • The statues makers resorted to taking some statues of previous kings, and writing on them the name of King Ramses II, where he was always asked them to do a lot of  statues in a short period, so they resorted to that, as they were fear of his cruelty.


  • In the museum garden there is stone base that the king used to climb on during ceremonies to deliver speeches (It was used as stage).

A Tablet belonged to  King Ephres

  • A tablet belonged to king Ephres date back to 26 dynasty, it was made from sandstone written  on it giveaways that king gave it to the priests of Memphis, beside to that, he was pardoned the priests of Memphis from pay taxes.

Memphis Global Museum 2

  • Crown column of the goddess Hathor, which was symbol to the ancient Egyptian the goddess of motherhood.
  • The worship and reverence of the cow has spread in Egypt in particular, and widely due to its characteristics of tenderness and motherhood, its care for its infant and its harm to the milk.

The Alabaster Sphinx


Memphis Global Museum 2


  • The Alabaster Sphinx is a statue of a mythical creature with the body of a lion and a human head.
  • It considered to be the second largest statue of the Sphinx after the most famous statue in Giza plateau, it where about 5,000 statues of the Sphinx were found in Egypt.
  • Another statue of the same shape was found with him, but it was  transported to the University of Pennsylvania Museum.
  • Its length about eight meters.
  • It was buried amongst the ruins of the Great Temple of Ptah at Memphis, while it was found in (1911) lying on the right side, so we find more damage on the right side more than the left side.

  • It was unknown which pharaoh was the owner of this statue, as there was no inscription to supply any information, but the feminine face of the statue preferred that it belongs  to the Queen Hatshepsut.
  • We have to know that Queen Hatshepsut ruled Egypt for (23 years), her era was marked by stability, prosperity, and she likened her statues as men, because the ancient  Egyptians were refusing to be ruled by a woman.
  • She had unique mortuary Temple in Luxor.

Statue of the triad of Memphis


Memphis Global Museum 2


  • Statue of the Memphis triad representing Ptah, the god of artists and craftsmen.
  • He was represented as a man in mummy form.
  • His wife was a goddess Sekhmet with the body of woman and the head of lioness , she was a goddess of war and destruction.
  • It was characterized by power, ferocity, lethal ability, and   ancient Egyptians were revered her to prevent her evil.
  • The three Gods were a centre of worship was in Memphis.

  • In this triad statue the king Ramses II replaced the god Nefertem with himself, we know that from the writing behind the statue.
  • In the museum garden there is an unfinished statue, although it has not been completed, it has high value because through it was identified how the artist carved statues in ancient Egypt.

Ramses II's mural for Heb-Sed Feast

  • This Feast considered to be one of the oldest feasts of ancient Egypt, it was celebrated by the king after (30 years) of rule, as he had to wrestle with bull to proof his rejuvenation and vitality.
  • The king appears twice during this mural, once with the red crown, presenting perfumes to the god Ptah and on the opposite side, wearing the white crown and presenting the badges of judgment to the god  Ptah.

References

  • https://www.egypt-monuments1.website/2021/03/memphis-global-museum-1.html
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sekhmet#:~:text=In%20Egyptian%20mythology%2C%20Sekhmet%20(%2F,and%20led%20them%20in%20warfare.
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nefertem

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