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Fossil and Climate Change Museum

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Fossil and Climate Change Museum 

Fossil and Climate Change Museum

  • Fossil and Climate Change Museum in Wadi El Hitan  "whales valley"considered to be the first of its kind in the Middle East.
  • The museum was inaugurated on January 14, 2016, for educational purposes and to increase awareness of climate change and avoid negative impacts on the environment and people, as it considered to be a treasure of scientific research.
  • It was established by the United Nations Program in cooperation with the Egyptian government and the Italian government as part of a set of measures that are being implemented to support the preservation of natural reserves and encourage ecotourism.

The Importance of the Museum

  • It opens new horizons for scientific research in the field of vertebrate fossils, studies of the behaviour of ancient whales, their methods of feeding and their relationship to other living creatures, and answers questions as long as it confused the researchers of the life of ancient whales.
  • The design of the museum took into account the nature of the region, the exhibition halls were designed in a circular shape, to give the character of the sea voyage as if you are inside a submarine.

The exhibits

  • There are paintings explaining the history of the earth and the development of life on it, as it moves the visitor from one period to another, starting from the Eocene period (which is geological epoch that lasted from about 56 to 33.9 million years ago), the Oligocene era, and ending in the modern era.
  • The most two famous whale species discovered in this nature reserve are (Dorudon atrox whale) and (Basilo saurus Isis).

Fossil and Climate Change Museum

  • The museum houses the largest complete skeleton of the whale (Basilo saurus Isis) Which is 18 meters long, it is the largest fossil whale found in the world.
  • This whale appears for the first time the hind limbs or legs that are given evidence of the evolution of whales from  earthly beings living on land to marine creatures living in the seas and oceans.

Fossil and Climate Change Museum

  • These sides represent the icon of the Whales valley and an important reason for declaring the site a World Natural Heritage because it contains the link between primitive and current whales.

Fossil and Climate Change Museum

  • It contains parts from Mangroves (which are a group of trees and shrubs that live in the coastal intertidal zone), it were one of the main reasons that provided food for most of the marine animals at that time.

  • It also contains the bones of many Sea creatures such as sharksdolphins,  marine snakes,  turtlecrab,  shells (There are 60 different types of these shells were found in this reserve).
Fossil and Climate Change Museum

  • Skeletons for crocodiles and petrified plants inside soft rocks, all of that helped to identify this  period and the environmental conditions at this time.


  • https://www.egypt-monuments1.website/2020/11/secrets-of-natural-reserve-valley-of.html