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Grand Egyptian Museum 2


Grand Egyptian Museum 2

Grand Egyptian Museum 2 (GEM)  A gift from Egypt to the world

Lobby

Statue of King Ramses II

Grand Egyptian Museum 2

  • The statue was transferred for the first time more than three thousand years ago from the quarries of Aswan in southern Egypt to the city of Memphis, the unified capital of Egypt at that time, to settle in front of the temple of the god Ptah (the temple was destroyed in ancient time).
Grand Egyptian Museum 2

  • This statue was discovered by the Italian archaeologist Giovanni Cavellia in 1820.

  • He tried to transfer it to Italy, but due to the weight of the statue, he could not did that.

  • The Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser issued a decree in 1955 to move it to the "Bab al-Hadid" square in Cairo, which became known as the “Ramses Square” in relation to the statue.

  • Then, it was moved again in 2006 to protect it from car exhaust, to be settled in its current location in the lobby of the Grand Egyptian Museum.  

  • King Ramses II, known as Ramses the Great, he ruled Egypt for 68 years from 1279 to 1213 BC, and it was believed that he lived until he reached the age of 90 years, leaving many monuments those immortalized his name in various parts of the country.

Description of  statue

  • The statue was made from pink granite stone, its weighs about 83 tons.
  • While its technical features show the features of the prominence of the chest and body.
  • The king here is in a standing position, as his left leg forward the right leg, his beard appears straight.
  • He wears a short kilt, and there is a dagger in the belt of his kilt.

There is unique Solar phenomena illuminate face of RamsesII in Abu Simble Temple and in The Grand Egyptian Museum:- 

  • More than three thousand years after King Ramses II built his unique temple of Abu Simbel in Aswan, where the sun was perpendicular to the king's face, on October 21 and February 21 of each year, to coincide with the king's birthday and the day of his crowning of the throne.

  • The grandchildren did it again, as they succeeded in applying the phenomenon of sunrise perpendicular to the face of the statue of King Ramses II inside the Grand Egyptian Museum on October 21, 2020.

  • Thus, the sun perpendicularly to Ramesses' face at the same time every year in two completely different places.

  • We have to know that the king in ancient Egypt was the head of government, the commander of the army, and the chief priest of all the gods in every temple.
  • The king was also the mediator between the gods, and the people of Egypt.
  • His presence was like a link between heaven, earth, and the spirits of the dead.


Column of king "Merenptah"

Who was Merenptah?

  • Merenptah was the fourth king of the Nineteenth Dynasty, he is the son of King Ramses II from his second wife Isis Nofret, and he was ranked fourteenth among the sons of Ramses, as all of his older brothers died in the life of their father.

  • The king column was made from pink granite, it is (5.60) meters long and weighs (17) tons.

Grand Egyptian Museum 2

  • This monument receiving great attention from Egyptologistshistorians, and researchers around the world due to the importance of the text  on it, which consisted of 4 lines, as it talk about the great historical victory that the valiant king “Merenptah” achieved over the Libyans, in the fifth year of his reign.

  • The Column of Merneptahand the statue of Ramses II are the first two pieces placed in the Great Hall, out of a total of 87 pieces.

Great Staircase

  • It is the same height of a building consist of 9-storey.
  • The museum's largest artifacts are displayed on it, and it has four entry levels.

  • It is like an ascending way, like the ascending ways made by the ancient Egyptians, to pave the way for building their temples, and pyramids.

A panorama views in the GEM


  • The walls of the Grand Museum from the side of the pyramids it is Glass Panorama.

  • As the three pyramids are visible outside From the panoramic window in the upper part of the great staircase, to reflect the image of the eternal property.

  • From this place tourists can take "selfies" with the pyramids while enjoying watching the monuments in (GEM).

King Tutankhamen Hall

  • It considered to be the largest hall in all museums of the world dedicated to the period of only one king.

  • It includes the king Tutankhamen treasures, as there will be 5.000 pieces from the king collection.

  • The interesting thing is that this group will include 2.000 pieces that will be shown for the first time in history.

Grand Egyptian Museum 2


  • The rare golden mask of the king will be placed in the middle of the hall, so that everyone in the hall could enjoy watching it from different angles and directions.

Hall of the coffins of Al-Assasif

Grand Egyptian Museum 2

  • A special hall will display the coffins of "Al-Asasif".
  • Al-Asasif is a site in Luxor, which the Egyptian mission found in it, distinguished group of 30 colored in humanistic wooden coffins for menwomen and children, in a good condition of preservation.
  • They were full of colours and inscriptions, as they were revealed in the same location that the ancient Egyptian left them.

 Museum garden of (GEM)

  • It was planted by kind of trees, that the ancient Egyptian knew.  

International archaeological restoration


  •  It considered to be  the largest of its kind in the Middle East, and Africa.

  • The international archaeological restoration center is equipped with the latest equipment, and technology that the world has reached in the field of antiquities restoration.
  • The most beautiful thing in it, that restoration scholars are Egyptians, as they restore the treasures of their ancestors at the highest level without the interference of any foreign element.

  • The Restoration Center includes 19 laboratories, including 7 laboratories specialized in restoring monuments of heavyweight.

 Wood restoration lab

  • It is specialized in restoring artifacts made of wood, such as coffins, statues of all kinds, funeral furniturewooden modelsboats and wooden tools.

Microbiology laboratory

  • It is specialized in identifying the types of organisms that cause damage to the monuments, in order to facilitate the preparation of the chemicals necessary to stop the growth of these organisms.

Mummies restoration lab

  • It is a special for the restoration of mummies from humans and animals
  • In addition to that the museum includes  galleries, Conference center, 3D projection halls (cinematheaterrestaurants, and the Archaeological Library.

  •  The  children's museum that addresses all age groups to educate new generationsarchaeologically and culturally.
  • The museum is equipped to receive people with special abilities

Ancient Egyptian language


  • It  will be revived by writing all the instructions, and descriptions of the monuments in ArabicEnglish, in addition to the ancient Egyptian language  (hieroglyphs), to allow the visitor to discover this language, and coexist in the atmosphere of the ancient historical period.

Hanging Obelisk Square


Grand Egyptian Museum 2

  • It is one of the most important landmarks  in the grand Egyptian museum.
  • It will be the only hanging obelisk in the world.

  •  It is decided that the obelisk will be located in the middle of the museum’s outer hall.

  • The obelisk belongs to King Ramses II, it was moved from the ancient San Hajar area in Sharqia, which was the capital of Egypt during the reign of king Ramses II.
  • It  weighs 102 tons, reaches a height of 16 meters.
  • The visitor to the obelisk square could enter the base of the obelisk to see the archaeological base below it, and looking at the top, the cartouches of King Ramses II can be seen in an eye-catching panorama.

  • In terms of engineering, the design is unique in the world, as the obelisk is suspended on four columns, taking into account the loads, and vibrations on the obelisk body.

  • In front of it the majestic façade of the museum, the "wall of the pyramids”, which is 600 meters wide, and 45 meters high. 

Grand Egyptian Museum 2


  • The large museum witnessed the celebration of the Guinness Book of Records by setting a record by drawing a Tutankhamen mask from 7.620 cups of coffee, with a promotional aim at the start of a new tourist season.
  • The previous figure was recorded in the United States using 5642 cups of coffee.

Grand Egyptian Museum opening date


Grand Egyptian Museum 2

  • Work on the Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM) project did not stop for one day since the beginning of the emerging Corona virus crisis.
  • But President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi had directed to postpone the events, and openings of major national projects that were supposed to be carried out during the current year 2020 to the next year 2021.
  • He said that the opening date will be decided at a time when the conditions in the world will be appropriate for hosting the largest cultural event in the world in the presence of kings, and presidents.

Prices for Grand Egyptian Museum

 Foreigners

 👈 500 pounds for a combined ticket to visit all halls

 👈 400 pounds to visit King Tutankhamen's hall

 200 pounds to visit the main hall 👍

 Egyptians and Arabs

 👈 60 pounds for a combined ticket to visit all the halls

 👈50 pounds to visit King Tutankhamen's hall

 30 pounds to visit the main hall.

 Egyptian and Arab student

 👈 30 pounds for a ticket to visit all the halls

 Children under 6 years of age enter free of charge.

Grand Egyptian Museum website

http://gem.gov.e

References 

  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmose_I
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Egyptian_Museum
  • http://gem.gov.eg/index/AboutGEM.html
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sneferu
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merneptah




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