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 Hanging Church


Hanging Church

  • Hanging Church (The Religious Complex) considered to be one of the most important and famous Egyptian church at all, as it was built on the ruins of a place where the Holy Family (Virgin Mary, Christ the Child, Saint Joseph the Carpenter).
  • They spent in Egypt e years, to escape from Herod ( the ruler of Palestine).
  • He ordered the killing of children for fear of a prophecy that indicated a danger threatening the Roman state, from a child from Israel.

Why it was called the Hanging Church?

  • It was built with an engineering idea not found in the world as it is suspended on two towers because it was built on the ruins of a Roman fort dating back to the second century AD.
  • The hanging church is about 13 meters above the ground

  • In the Middle Ages, it was called the Church of the Stairs, because of the 23 steps leading to it.

Hanging Church


When was the Hanging Church was built?

  • Its construction dates back to the end of the fourth century, and the beginning of the fifth century AD.

The Location

  • The church is located within the Old Cairo neighborhood, meters away from the Amr Ibn Al-Aas MosqueBen Ezra Jewish Temple, the St. Mina Church next to the Babylon Fortress, and the Martyr Mercurius Church known as Abu Sven.

The Restoration 

  • It is worth noting that this church was renewed several times during the Islamic era, the first time in the caliphate of Harun al-Rashid when the Patriarch Anba Marks asked the governor for permission to renew the church, and the second time during the reign of Abdulaziz.

  • Its restoration began again in 1998, it lasted 16 years, and cost more than $5 million, was inaugurated by Ibrahim Mahlab, the Egyptian Prime Minister.

The Description

  • The area of the church (the complex Religions) does not exceed 23.5 meters in length, 18.5 meters in width and 9.5 meters in height.

The Entrance

  • It includes 13 giant columns representing Christ and the Twelve Apostles.

Hanging Church

  • The second floor of the church is distinguished by its colorful walls and inscriptions that have a characteristic of that archaeological area.

  • It  has 110 icons, the oldest of them dates back to the 8th century, while most of them dates to the 18th century, giving it a historical richness.

  • A wooden icon dating back to the fifth or sixth century AD was found with the scene of Christ entering Jerusalem in victory.

  • In the southern part of the church there is a small door made of pine wood inlaid with ivory

  • It leads to the so-called Little Church, which is in fact a side cabin built over the eastern tower of the southern gate of the fortress, and it is currently the oldest remaining parts of the original building of the church.

  • The most important thing in the hanging church (Religious Complex) is the columns extracted from the ancient Egyptian temples.

  • There are three sanctuary bearing the names of the Virgin Mary and Saint John the Baptist, in addition to the name of Saint Mary Gerges.

Hanging Church

  • It has two gates, one to enter visitors, and the other to exit from it.

  • Parts of Egyptian national newspapers were hung on one of the walls, monitoring events and scenes from the modern history of the church related to the Copts in Egypt, perhaps the most important of which is the appearance of the Virgin Mary in her church in the Zeitoun neighborhood, in the aftermath of the defeat of the 1967 war.

The Importance


  • It  considered to be one of the oldest churches in Egypt, and the most beautiful in its architectural style.
  • This church was considered the first papal headquarters in Cairo.
  • It holds many major Christian religious celebrations in it.

  • A number of patriarchs were buried there in the eleventh, and twelfth centuries, and they still have icons inside the church for which candles are lit for them.

Hanging Church

  • Trials were held for priests and bishops inside it.


The Address Code

  • There is no strict dress code, but it's better to wear clothes that goes down to at least your knees.

The Entrance Fee

  • It’s free.

References

  • https://www.egypt-monuments1.website/2020/11/ibn-ezra-synago.html
  • https://www.egypt-monuments1.website/2020/11/mosque-of-amr-ibn-al-aas-religious.html
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanging_Church

  • http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/8/27/244799/Travel/News/Exploring-Cairo-Three-religions-sidebyside-in-the-.aspx



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