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Mosque of Amr Ibn al-Aas


Mosque of Amr Ibn al-Aas

  • Mosque of Amr Ibn al-Aas is the first mosque built in Egypt, and the whole of Africa.

The Religious Complex

  • The Religious Complex in Egypt  considered to be the best example of the religious tolerance advocated by all the monotheistic religions.  

Amr ibn al-as conquest of Egypt

  • He was the Arab commander who led the Muslim conquest of Egypt and served as its governor.

Al-Fustat history

  • The city of Fustat, which was built by Amr bin Al-Aas after the conquest of Egypt in the year 21 AH / 641 AD, is the first capital of Islamic Egypt, which is the beginning of the emergence of the ancient Egypt region.

  • Amr bin Al-Aas built it after he liberated Egypt from the Romans, in implementation of the orders of Caliph Omar bin Al-Khattab, who asked him to start building a new capital for Egypt instead of Alexandria (its old capital.).

  • So, that it is not between the new capital of Egypt and Medina, the capital of the Islamic caliphate, a river or a sea, and therefore Amr ibn al-Aas chose his new capital east of the Nile.
  • The role of the mosque was tangible in the change that occurred in Egyptian society, and the transformation of his life path from Byzantine to Arab-Islamic life.


Mosque of Amr ibn al-Aas


Mosque of Amr Ibn al-Aas

  • It is the fourth mosque built in Islam after the Quba Mosque, and the Mosque of the Prophet Mohamed peace be upon him, in Madinah and the Grand Mosque in Makkah.

  • It considered to be the first Islamic University before Al-Azhar, where students of knowledge received all sciences of the Arabic language and the Islamic religion inside it.

  • It is the only Islamic monument left since the Islamic conquest of Egypt.
  • When it was established, the mosque served as a center for government, and a nucleus for the call to Islam in Egypt.

  • It was called the Al-Fath Mosque, the Ancient Mosque, and the Crown of the Mosques. 


Amr Ibn Al As mosque plan


  • Its layout was inspired by the traditional planning of  Prophet’s Mosque in Medina
  • Its layout is very simple, consisting of a flat rectangular room built with rough, and smooth stones.
  • It was rebuilt more than once.

  • The courtyard of the mosque has a dome in the middle, on eight round marble columns

  • There are two minarets in the mosque: one is at the entrance and the facade, and the second is above the old corner, both of them are in Ottoman Turkish style, but they are relatively short.

  • The mosque includes 3 niches, one of which is the main mihrab, and two other are used as memorial forms.

  • Regard to its historical significance, the role of Amr bin Al-Aas Mosque was not limited to performing religious duties, but rather a court was held in it to settle religious, and civil disputes.

Mosque of Amr Ibn al-Aas

  • In addition to that it was the place where funds were collected for orphans, and the poor people.

  • The majority of people think that the shrine inside it is the tomb of our master's Amr, may God be pleased with him, but in fact it is the tomb of his son Abdullah bin Amr Ibn Al-Aas,

  • It is strange that there is a religion outside Islam, called the Bohra religion (they are a segment found in Egypt and India), they come two hours before the Friday prayer time, to pray in it, and leave it before Friday praying.

References

  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosque_of_Amr_ibn_al-As
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fustat






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