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          Rise of Aten


Rise of Aten

  • Rise of Aten is a name of lost golden  city, it is considered to be the largest, and biggest ancient city found so far.

The location

  • This unique city is located between the Temple of Ramses II (Habu Temple) and the Temple of Amenhotep III in Memnon.

  • This city was founded by one of the greatest rulers of Egypt, King Amenhotep III, the ninth king of the Eighteenth Dynasty, who ruled Egypt from 1391 until 1353 BC.

  • The use of the city continued until the reign of Tutankhamen

  • The city has houses, some of which are about three meters high, it were divided into streets.

  • Excavations were began in September 2020, after only 7 months of excavation, several areas or neighborhoods of this city were discovered.

  • The discovery of this lost city is the second important archaeological find after the tomb of Tutankhamen.

  • The discovery will know archaeologists a lot of rare information about daily life in the era of the Pharaohs.
  • It will also answer one of the greatest mysteries in history, which is why Akhenaten, and Nefertiti decided to leave the great city of Luxor, where the religious, and administrative capital, and moved the capital to the desert in a city called Amarna.

  • This city was divided into 3 neighbourhood


 The first neighbourhood

  • It contains the bakery, cooking area, food preparation places with ovens, and clay pots were found in it, as it was an area that used to serve a large number of workers, and employees.

Rise of Aten


  • An amphora is an elongated vessel with handles on both sides, the lowest part of which is conical, and the material is often made of pottery.
  • Its importance is that it was used as containers to transport goods from outside and inside Egypt.
  • In addition to that it was recorded on them the product, and facility data, such models provide us with a clear picture of the nature of commercial transactions since thousands of years ago.


Rise of Aten

The second neighborhood

  • It represents the administrative, and  district, as it includes larger, and well-organized units.  
  • This area is fenced by a zigzag wall, with only one entry point, leading to interior corridors, and residential areas. 

Rise of Aten

  • This only entrance to this big city, was a kind of security, where the ability to control entry,  and exit.

The Crinckle Cranckle wall

Rise of Aten


  • The Crinckle Cranckle wall is about 200 years old.
  • It was believed to be the oldest wall of its kind until the lost golden city was discovered in Luxor (3400 years), to be rewritten again architectural history and Egypt, as usual is the origin of everything.


The third neighbourhood

  • It was the workshop, as it includes the production area of ​​mud bricks used to build temples, and annexes, seals bearing the cartouches of King Amenhotep III were found in it.

  • They also found many tools used in industrial activity, such as spinning and weaving

  • Many casting molds were also discovered for the production of amulets, and the decorative elements used to decorate temples, and tombs.

Rise of Aten

  • In addition to finding an uncommon burial of a cow or bull inside one of the rooms.

References

  • https://www.egypt-monuments1.website/2021/03/habu-temple.html


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