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Sulayman Agha Al-Silahdar Mosque, sabil and kuttab

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Sulayman Agha Al-Silahdar Mosque, sabil and kuttab


Sulayman Agha Al-Silahdar Mosque, sabil and kuttab


  • Sulayman Agha Al-Silahdar Mosque, sabil and kuttab.
  • It was characterized with its unique architectural style, made it the pearl of Al-Muizz Street, which is full of Islamic antiquities.

Al-Muizz Street 

  • Al-Muizz Street is considered to be the largest open museum of Islamic antiquities in the world, due to its preservation of all ancient buildings so far.
  • Its archaeological monuments had attractive facades, which reflect the accuracy of the design, and its genius.
  • In addition to that, it is the oldest street in the world

  • It was inscribed on the World Heritage Site list in 1979.


Architectural Group of Prince Sulayman Agha El-Silahdar


  • It considered to be  one of the most important monuments on Al-Muizz Street.

  • It consists of (a mosque for the establishment of religious rituals, a fountain for watering passers-by, and a kuttab for the education of Muslim orphans).

  • Its construction took about two years.

Who was Prince Sulayman Agha El-Silahdar


  • He came to Egypt as a soldier to fight the French, and evacuated them from Egypt, during the time of the French campaign and its occupation of Egypt.

  • He was promoted in many positions during the reign of Muhammad Ali Pasha, until he reached the position of (Silahdar), which was Persian word, meaning "supervisor of the army's weapons"

  • He was one of the most famous and skilled ministers in the era of Muhammad Ali.

  • He was a seasoned politician, Muhammad Ali used to send him, to negotiate with countries, in which there were crises.
  • He played an important role in the political life of Egypt during the reign of Muhammad Ali Pasha, as he was one of four people who organized the famous massacre of the castle with Muhammad Ali Pasha.

  • In addition to that, he was an administrative veteran who supervised the largest project that Muhammad Ali undertook  al-Qanater al-Khayriya.

  • The historians describe him as "the great calamity", and this is the first time that historians describe someone with this title.


Prince Sulayman Agha El-Silahdar Mosque

  • Cairo has been known since ancient times as the city of a thousand minarets, due to the large number of mosques in it, which were established throughout the ages since the Islamic conquest of Egypt until now.
  • It is one of the most important mosques built during the era of Muhammad Ali in Egypt.
Sulayman Agha Al-Silahdar Mosque, sabil and kuttab

  • One of the most amazing and rare ancient mosques, with its unique architectural style that made it the pearl of the region, which is rich in Islamic monuments.

  • This mosque is considered one of the hanging mosques, as there is a school under it, and shops that spend from their profits on the maintenance of the mosque.

Sulayman Agha Al-Silahdar Mosque, sabil and kuttab

  • Despite the grandeur of the mosque’s construction, its most famous feature is its old minaret, which differs from the rest of the minarets in the region, which resembles as a "pencil".

Sabil

 

Sulayman Agha Al-Silahdar Mosque, sabil and kuttab


  • It is a charitable facility, built for the purpose of providing free water to pedestrians, to draw closer to God.
  • It was built on the main commercial streets, not side ones, to supply the largest number of pedestrians with drinking water.

  • It has an entrance completely separate from the entrance to the mosque.


The façade of Sabil 

  • The façade of Sabil Sulayman Agha al-Silahdar is characterized by white marble decorated in distinctive Turkish language.

  • The Sabil was made from marble, in order to preserve the temperature of the water, and make it cold.

Sulayman Agha Al-Silahdar Mosque, sabil and kuttab

  • It consists of two parts, an underground part called the cistern, in which water is stored for a year inside it, it's depth was 11 meters.

  • The cistern has 3 opening, one opening to supply it with water, another one in which workers take water from it, as for the third opening, the workers entered through it to clean the cistern from water sediments.

  • The workers were checked periodically, every period, in order not to transmit diseases to the people who had drink from this place.

  • During the reign of Khedive Ismail, the Sabil was closed completely, due to the spread of Malaria, as a result of polluted water, and the Sabil was used as a bookstore.


El Kotab

  • The purpose from El Kotab wasn't for  education only, but also provides social care, as it gives them food, drinking, summer and winter clothes. 
  • It was the beginning of the idea of ​​the shelter now.

  • The floor of it was made from marble, to make the rooms damp.

  • While the ceiling was made from wood, which is decorated with floral motifs.

  • The Supreme Council of Antiquities renovated the entire mosque between 2000-2002.

Sulayman Agha Al-Silahdar Mosque, sabil and kuttab

  • In addition to that,  it was restored in 2015 by Sulayman Agha al-Silahdar's grandson.
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