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Sunken Antiquities Museum


Sunken Antiquities Museum located in (Roman Theatre), as Egypt is the only country in the world those had antiquities and history are above groundunderground, and under water too.

Sunken Antiquities Museum

  • Seas all over the world contains sea creatures and coral reefs, and in a country like Egypt where there is a third of the world’s monuments, you will find history and civilization even under the sea, where Alexandria is the charming city, and the second capital to Egypt, it has many monuments from different eras such as (the Roman and Greek civilizations,  Coptic, Islamic).

Alexandria Earthquake 

  • Alexandria derived its wealth in antiquity from its famous port, which was in an important strategic location, so Alexandria derived its wealth from taxes which was imposed on goods brought near its port, but due to many severe earthquakes that occurred in antiquity (the first was  In 956 AD, the second was in 1303 AD), and the phenomenon of tides accompanying earthquakes sank this great ancient city completely, so  ​​Alexandria's sea is full of ruins of the sunken city, so, there are many huge columns, palaces, and statues.

    The diver Kamel Abu Al-Saadat

    Sunken Antiquities Museum

    The diver Kamel Abu Al-Saadat  considered to be the founder of science of sunken antiquities, who is no less important than any local or international archaeologist, as Abu Al-Saadat was able to draw the first map of the sunken antiquities in the eastern port, which is still considered the main reference for discovering the sunken antiquities until now, Although he was a skilled diver, and keep healthy, he died by drowning in 1984 while diving to discover Napoleon's sunken ships, So, many divers believed that he was assassinated while diving.

    Supreme Council of antiquities 

    In 1996 AD, for the first time, a department of submerged antiquities was established in Alexandria affiliated with the Supreme Council of Antiquities, which included a group of the best Egyptian archaeologists headed by the famous archaeologist and diver (Ibrahim Darwish), These submerged antiquities were displayed in the garden of the Greco-Roman theater.

    Restoration and maintenance of sunken antiquities

    • It is known that getting out Submerged antiquities from salty water such as the sea, requires scientific treatment, where if the antiquities come out without treatment, the salts are deposited on the outer layer of the monuments, and cause the destruction of its features, Therefore, after leaving the sea, the antiquities is placed directly in a large basin filled with fresh water, to get rid of the effect of the salts attached to it.

    Collection of Sunken Antiquities Museum, Alexandria, Egypt 


    Sunken Antiquities Museum

    An obelisk dates back to the Nineteenth Dynasty, its belong to the King Seti IIt is considered to be the first obelisk of sunken antiquities to be displayed in Egypt, and the world., It weighs about 18 tons, it had  a base made from sandstone, this only one part from the original, there are two other parts of it is still remaining in the seabed until now, there are group of Sphinx statues dating back to different eras in the sunken antiquities Museum.

    Sunken Antiquities Museum

    References 

    • https://www.egypt-monuments1.website/2021/04/the-roman-amphitheatre-in-alexandria.html
    • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seti_I
    • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abu_Qir
    • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nile
    • https://products.kitsapsun.com/archive/1998/08-03/0033_egypt__archaeologist_salvaging_na.html
    • https://www.bibalex.org/underwaterconf/en/honaryleaders/honaryleadersdetails.aspx?id=4

     

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    Asmaa Ahmed

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