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Sunken Antiquities Museum

Sunken Antiquities Museum

  • The open air museum of sunken antiquities, it is located in (Roman Theatre), Egypt is the only country in the world those had antiquities and history are above groundunderground, and under water too.
  • Seas all over the world contain marine creatures and coral reefs, but in Egypt you will find history, and civilization 🇪🇬
  • Alexandria this charming city possesses many monuments from different eras such as the RomanGreekCoptic and Islamic civilizations, and the city’s surface is not alone rich in antiquities, but the city’s Seabed is richer in it's archaeological.
  • The ruins of the sunken Alexandria considered to be a history that breathes under the water.
  • Alexandria derived its wealth in ancient time from taxes imposed on goods that were brought nearby to it's port to transport across the Nile.
  • Almost a hundred years have passed since the discovery of the ruins of the sunken Alexandria, including palacescolumnsshipscastles, and statues.
  • The seabed of Alexandria, especially the Gulf of Abu Qirand the eastern port area, were filled with treasures of sunken antiquities, due to many severe earthquakes happened in ancient time.
  • The city of Alexandria was subjected to a series of successive earthquakes, the first in 956 AD, and the second was in 1303 AD.

    Kamel Abu Al-Saadat


    Sunken Antiquities Museum


    • The diver Kamel Abu Al-Saadat  considered to be the founder of science of sunken antiquities, who is no less important than any local or international archaeologist.
    • Abu Al-Saadat was able to draw the first map of the sunken antiquities in the eastern port, which is still considered the main reference for discovering the sunken antiquities until now.
    • Although he was a skilled diver and maintained with his health, he died by drowning in 1984 while diving to discover Napoleon's sunken ships.
    • So many divers believed that he was assassinated while diving.

    The Supreme Council of antiquities 

    • In 1996 AD, a department for submerged antiquities was established in Alexandria, affiliated to the Supreme Council of Antiquities for the first time, and it includes a group of Egyptian archaeologists headed by archaeologist Ibrahim Darwish, the pioneer of deep-sea diving.
    • Exiting the sunken antiquities from the water requires scientific treatment, in order to be able to interact with the environment outside the water again.
    • There is a large modern rectangular basin built by the Antiquities Authority, where it was filled with fresh water,  monuments which get outside of sea water were placed in it to rid the effect of the salts attached to it, as it may cause destruction to the monuments.

    An obelisk


    Sunken Antiquities Museum

    • It dates back to the Nineteenth Dynasty engraved with the name of King Seti I
    • It is considered to be the first obelisk of sunken antiquities to be displayed in Egypt and the world
    • It weighs about 18 tons, it had  a base made from sandstone.
    • This only one part from the original, there are two other parts of it still remaining in the seabed until now.

    * A group of Sphinx statues dating back to different eras.


    Sunken Antiquities Museum


    References 

    • https://www.egypt-monuments1.website/2021/04/the-roman-amphitheatre-in-alexandria.html
    • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seti_I
    • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abu_Qir
    • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nile
    • https://products.kitsapsun.com/archive/1998/08-03/0033_egypt__archaeologist_salvaging_na.html
    • https://www.bibalex.org/underwaterconf/en/honaryleaders/honaryleadersdetails.aspx?id=4

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