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Tombs of the Nobles


Tombs of the Nobles


  • Tombs of the Nobles (Qabbet el Hawa), which  considered to be one of the most prominent archaeological landmarks in Aswan.

The Location of the (Qabbet el Hawa) 

  • Mount Qabbet el Hawa is an ancient dome in Aswan, about 130 meters high.  

  • It is considered to be one of the most prominent archaeological landmarks in Aswan.

  • It is a white mausoleum with a dome that can be seen from afar.

Who was Abu Al-Hawa?

  • One of the well-known stories about this place is that "Abu Al-Hawa" is a true personality.

  • He was one of the righteous saints who lived in that area during the Fatimid era.

  • He was nicknamed “Sidi Ali Abu al-Hawa” and when he was buried in that area, his disciples made a dome above his tomb.

  • Below it are the remains of a Coptic monastery called (Saint George).

The lighting of the mountain  of Abu Al-Hawa


Tombs of the Nobles

  • The idea of lighting the mountain Abu Al-Hawa, taken from the lighting of the Valley of the Kings in Luxor, and implemented by the Ministry of Antiquities to show the aesthetic form of the site.

Tombs of Nobles

  • It includes carved tombs of the nobles and priests of Aswan over different pharonic eras.
  • They were discovered by security monitors from the Aswan Antiquities Zone.
  • They are 85 graves, in addition to 10 tombs that were recently discovered through excavations carried out in the region.

The Importance 

  • Due to the different times in which these tombs were built, you will find many inscriptions and drawings in terms of colors or type of drawing, inscriptions and the shapes of the gods, which makes visiting the tomb of nobles a real pleasure.

  • It was built on two levels, one on top of the other, and it was distinguished from any other Pharaonic tombs in that it was built at the foot of a mountain and directly overlooks the Nile, unlike the Western mainland tombs in Luxor, which is completely away from the Nile.

  • It gives an idea of the architectural style of the cemeteries, as well as the titles and functions assumed by the rulers of the south

  • The inscriptions written on the walls of these tombs illustrate the role that these princes played in protecting the country or in undertaking trips within Africa.

The Description


Tombs of the Nobles


  • They start with an ascending sand path leading to the entrance, followed directly by the cemetery hall, which is based on columns cut into the rock.
  • It's walls are decorated with scenes of the daily life of the ancient Egypt, such as scenes of agricultureplowingsacrificebird hunting in the swamps of the delta and deserts, and in the center of the hall is a well  It leads to the burial chamber below the cemetery.
  • The depth of the wells in some of the nobles' tombs reaches more than 10 meters.

The double grave of the employee "Makhu" and his son "Sabni"

  • Their two tombs share a forecourt, and linked with each other by a doorway.
  • both of them were mayors of the Elephantine region.
  • They belong to the reign of Pharaoh Pepi II of the Sixth Dynasty.
  •  It seems that it was a wealthy family, where two stairs descended from their tomb reaching the shore of the Nile.
  • There are inscriptions inside the tomb said that "Makhu" was heading a royal expedition to the south, and upon his return a Nubian tribe attacked and killed him.  

  • This made his son "Sabni" carry out his campaign to Nubia to return the body of his father and take revenge on him.
  • Sabni informed King Pepi II of the event and the king sent his personal embalmers to mummify the deceased governor.

Tombs of the Nobles

  • This tomb is distinguished by the beauty of the inscriptions and the colors inside, as if it were painted and colored yesterday.

Tomb of "Harkhuf"

  • The ruler of Elephantine and the head of the royal expeditions, who recorded a text on the walls of his tomb enumerating his exploratory and commercial trips to the south, mentioning many roads, as well as the details of his trade trip to Punt.

Tomb of Nekht


Tombs of the Nobles


  • This cemetery, despite its small size, is one of the most famous tombs of nobles in the region due to its beautiful views with bright colors.
  • Men pick grapes from one vineyards, then they squeeze the grapes with their feet, and we see the juice flowing from a gutter to a small basin for a worker to fill the jars stacked on top.

Tombs of the Nobles


  • Below this view is a network (trap) full of wild birds attracted from within the papyrus field, beside it seated man is cleaning the birds and another plucking their feathers.
  • There are two hunting scenes, one of them represents Nekht standing inside a papyrus canoe hunting with spears and the other hunting birds with curved sticks with two women, one sitting and the other standing in front of his young son who carries a shooting stick in his hand, and the other hand the birds that fell while hunting.
  • Nakht and his wife pouring fragrant oils on the offerings.

Tomb of Ra Moza

  • He held the position of governor of "Thebes" and a minister during the reigns of Amenhotep III and Amenhotep IV and the beginning of the reign of "Akhenaten".
  • The tomb of Ramouza is distinguished by its combination of two completely different periods of two kings who differed in style and belief.

  • His tomb is one of the largest cemeteries dug in the rocky mountain.

Tombs of the Nobles


  • There are four rows of columns bearing the ceiling of the occasional hall, each row contains eight columns whose crowns take the form of a closed papyrus flower.

Tombs of the Nobles


  • A group of women wailing between two groups of men carrying papyrus bouquets and funeral furniture.

  • In the upper half there is scene of the coffin inside its compartment being pulled on a sled.
  • It is preceded by a smaller crawler with what is known as "techno", which was a black-colored animal skin and most likely embalming material was inside it.

  • The ancient Egyptian considered the cemetery more important than the house in which they lived, because they believed that life is divided into three parts and the least part is the one who lives on the surface of the earth.
  • followed by the life spends it in the cemetery.  Therefore, they were interested in preserving their body in a safe place because they believed that the soul upon its return would recognize the body in which it lived.
  • Through it the merging of the soul and the body took place so that the person could live again.

References

  • https://www.wikiwand.com/ar/%D9%85%D9%82%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%B1_%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%86%D8%A8%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%A1_(%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D9%82%D8%B5%D8%B1)

  • http://www.masrelnas.com/stories/view.aspx?cdate=27082018&id=a4e907c1-e1ce-4410-8f72-809bf5e0f244
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valley_of_the_Kings
  • https://www.egypt-monuments1.website/2020/11/the-miracle-of-mummification.html
  • https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valley_of_the_Queens
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