khanqah of Baybars Al jashinkir

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khanqah of Baybars Al jashinkir

khanqah of Baybars Al jashinkir


khanaqah of Baybars al-Jashinkir is one of the most beautiful. and oldest of Cairo's khanqahs, as, It dazzles its visitors with the greatness of its Islamic architecture and its unique architectural style.

Khanqah

Khanqah is Persian worded which meaning abode of worship, as it is the place where the Sufis go to worship, so, its function required to have a special design, as it combines the mosque and school layout, Its location is in Gamalia Street, in the Central Cairo district, It is located on an area of ​​approximately 5,500 square meters.

Jashinkir

The name jashinkir was derived from the Persian word, which means spices, Which brings us closer to knowing the profession of the sultan before his arrival to power, which is a connoisseur of food, to protect the sultans, and kings from poisoned foods, which considered to be one of the easiest methods of assassination, in the past and present.


khanqah of Baybars Al jashinkir

Who was Baybers?

Baybars used to serve Sultan Al-Mansur Qalawun, during the reign of Al-Nasir Muhammad, as, he assumed the position of chief of the royal servants, he had an important role in putting down a revolt that took place in Upper Egypt, in addition to that, he was  one of the leaders of the Egyptian army that defeated the Mongols in the Battle of Marj Al-Safar.


When Al-Mansur Qalawun died, he did not have an heir to rule Egypt, except for his son Muhammad bin Qalawun, who was young at the time, and this did not qualify him to rule the country, which gave Baybars the opportunity to control the rule of Egypt, he was not popular with the Egyptians due to bad economic and political, during his reign, the level of the Nile fell, prices rose, and the epidemic spread, which made the people revolt against him, they demanded his dismissal, and the return of Ibn Qalawun to rule Egypt justly, as his father did, this conflicts ended with his death.


Ibn Qalawun responded to the will of the people, and returned while Baybars was building this khanqah with the money of the oppressed people, to immortalize his name with it, he was not buried in the khanqah which bears his name, where he was arrested, and carried to Sultan Al-Nasir bound with iron, so, he enumerated his sins, confessed them and asked for pardon, but Sultan Al-Nasir ordered his suffocation, and he was buried behind the citadel.

Sufi Sheikh Muhammad Amin al-Baghdadi.


Sheikh Muhammad Amin Al-Baghdadi  was the one who lived in Khanqah of Baybars Al jashinkir until his death, and buried inside it, he was born in Sulaymaniyah, at Iraq in 1286 AH, he was an orphan, he memorized the holy Qur’an, he was very intelligent, as he was fluent in ArabicTurkish and Persian.

When he came to Egypt, he took khanqah of Baybars as his retreat,  he taught Shafi jurisprudence in the khanqa, his youth was lived as an ascetic, far from the joys of life, he loved isolation away from people, Despite that he was extremely generous and charitable to the poor.

Design of Al-Khanqa

Al-Khanqah used to include three floors, containing one hundred rooms to sufis retreats who used to reside permanently in them, but currently only eleven rooms remain.

Pharaonic lintel


khanqah of Baybars Al jashinkir

  • What draws the most attention of the interior to the Khanaqah of Baybars al-Jashinkir is the presence of a pharaonic lintel at its entrance bearing pharaonic inscriptions, it was cut from a temple, and it was used again in construction, as that was common in that era of the using of some Pharaonic stones in construction.


Khanqa of Baybars Al jashinkir is still present until now, but the buildings which was attached to it, such as the bakery and the kitchen, have disappeared with the passage of time, Although, the khanqah has lost its primary function as a place where mystics are cut off from the world to worship, the performance of praying on time has not been interrupted in this place until now, over a period of about 700 years.


 

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