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khanqah of Baybars Al jashinkir

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khanqah of Baybars

 Al jashinkir

khanqah of Baybars Al jashinkir

  • khanaqah of Baybars al-Jashinkir is one of the most beautiful and oldest of Cairo's khanqahs.
  • It dazzles its visitors with the greatness of its Islamic architecture and its unique architectural style.

Khanqah


  • Khanqah is Persian word which meaning abode of worship, as it is the place where the Sufis go to worship.
  • So, its function required to have a special design, as it combines the mosque and school layout.
  • Its location is in Gamalia Street, in the Central Cairo district.
  • It is located on an area of ​​approximately 5,500 square meters.

Jashinkir

  • The name jashinkir was derived from the Persian word, which means spices.
  • Which brings us closer to knowing the profession of the sultan before his arrival to power, which is a connoisseur of food.
  • To protect the sultans, and kings from poisoned foods, one of the easiest methods of assassination, in the past and present.
khanqah of Baybars Al jashinkir

Who was Baybers?

  • Baybars used to serve Sultan Al-Mansur Qalawun.
  • During the reign of Al-Nasir Muhammad he assumed the position of chief of the royal servants.
  • He had an important role in putting down a revolt that took place in Upper Egypt.
  • He was also one of the leaders of the Egyptian army that defeated the Mongols in the Battle of Marj Al-Safar.
  • When Al-Mansur Qalawun passed away, he had no heir to rule Egypt except his son Muhammad bin Qalawun. 
  • He was at a young age,  which did not equip him to govern the country.
  • Baybars took advantage of the ruler's death and the young age of his son to control the country.
  • Baybars ruled Egypt for less than a year, as he was not popular with the Egyptians due to the bad economic and political conditions.
  • During his reign, the level of the Nile decreased, prices rose, and the epidemic spread.
  • That's made people revolt against him, and demanded to depose him, and the return of Bin Qalawun to rule Egypt with justice, as his father did.
  • So, his rule witnessed many struggles that ended with his killing.
  • Ibn Qalawun responded to the will of the people, and returned while Baybars was building this khanqah with the money of the oppressed people, to immortalize his name with it.
  • He was not buried in the khanqah which bears his name, where he was arrested, and carried to Sultan Al-Nasir bound with iron.
  • So, he enumerated his sins, confessed them and asked for pardon, but Sultan Al-Nasir ordered his suffocation, and he was buried behind the citadel.

The Sufi Sheikh Muhammad Amin al-Baghdadi.


  • He was born in Sulaymaniyah, at Iraq in 1286 AH.
  • He was an orphan, and grew up in the custody of his mother, he memorized the holy Qur’an.
  • when he came to Egypt, he took khanqah of Baybars as his retreat, and his lesson' seat in Shafi’i jurisprudence
  • He was very intelligent, as he was fluent in Arabic, Turkish and Persian.
  • His youth was lived as an ascetic, far from the joys of life, he loved isolation away from people.
  • Despite his isolation and asceticism, he was extremely generous and charitable to the poor.
  • So, this historical building, was built by Al-Baybars Khashnqir, but he did not live, or buried in it.
  • The one who lived in it until his death, was Sheikh Muhammad Amin Al-Baghdadi, in addition to that, he was buried inside it.

The design of Al-Khanqa

  • Al-Khanqah used to include three floors, containing one hundred rooms to sufis retreats who used to reside permanently in them.
  • Currently only eleven rooms remain.


Pharaonic lintel

khanqah of Baybars Al jashinkir

  • What draws the most attention of the interior to the Khanaqah of Baybars al-Jashinkir is the presence of a pharaonic lintel at its entrance bearing pharaonic inscriptions.
  • It was cut from a temple, and it was used again in construction, as that was common in that era of the using of some Pharaonic stones in construction.
  • This historical monument is still present until now, but the buildings which was attached to it, such as the bakery and the kitchen, have disappeared with the passage of time.
  • Although the khanqah has lost its primary function as a place where mystics are cut off from the world for worship, the performance of prayers on time has not been interrupted in this place until now, over a period of about 700 years.












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