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Valley Of The Golden Mummies

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 Valley Of The Golden Mummies 

Valley Of The Golden Mummies

  • Valley of the golden mummies considered to be the largest cemetery in Egypt that dating back to the Greco-Roman era.
  • It contains about 10,000 golden mummies, most of which belonged to an aristocracy that lived in the Bahariya oases during the Greco-Roman era.

Bahariya Oasis 

  • It is located in Bahariya oasis, which is widely known among the most beautiful tourist areas on the Egyptian lands, as it combines the magic of nature with historical monuments.

  • The Valley of the Golden Mummies has an area of ​​about 36 km.

  • It was discovered by chance, as Sheikh Abdul Mawjoud, the keeper of the temple of "Alexander the Great" was preparing to return to his home after the end of his work.  

  • He noticed that his donkey was running in a panic near a certain place.

  • When he went to investigate the matter, he found that the donkey's foot had fallen into a hole in the ground.

  • When he looked inside, he found faces of gold looking at him and smiling.
  • That was the beginning of the detection of the Valley of the Golden Mummies in Bahariya Oasis.

Tombs of the valley

  • In the tombs, none of the writings, drawings, texts, or names of the owners of these mummies were found.  

  • While many belongings were found, including jewelry, and many pieces of Roman coins, through which the era and date to which these mummies belonged were determined.  

  • It dates back to the third century BC.

Mummification processes of these Mummies

  • The Romans thought at this time about imitating the pharaohs in the mummification process, but they did not succeed in reaching the high technology that the ancient Egyptians (pharaohs) reached.

  • Most of the mummies were damaged, decomposed and charred.
  • They made a big mistake during the mummification they did not remove the viscera (intestines  + Heart + lungs + liver) inside most of the mummies, as is the case with the pharaohs, which led to the charring, decomposition and destruction of most of the mummies.

The gypsum masks

  • They made gypsum masks for their dead, and they painted them with gold, to take the same true features of a person before his death because they believed that when the soul returns to the body, the soul of the deceased can recognize its owner.

  • The main cause of death for most of them was cholera or the plague.
  • That's explains the possibility that the oasis was exposed at this ancient time to a large epidemic that killed a large part of the population.

  • The Valley of the Golden Mummies has been closed, it is not open to the public, because the site remains under study and discovery, and the search is still going on inside it.