Amulets (part1)

 

Amulets (part1)

Amulets (part1)


  • Ancient Egypt knew numerous of Amulets  (part 1) that, if collected, were enough to fill an entire gallery, surprisingly, people used most of these amulets in the present era, believing that it brings good luck.

  • Amulets played an important role in the life of the ancient Egyptian, it had a great psychological effect to them, It was carried by both the living and the dead, for protection and adornment, these amulets considered to be one of the most important elements from the Egyptian cultural heritage, the word amulet in the hieroglyphic language means garrison, every person was using several amulets, and no house was empty from amulets, as they believed that it was helping them to ward off evil spirits, to protect them against envy, and harmful animals, brings goodness, happiness, and Prosperity livelihood to the living.

  • While it was used to protect the deceased from things visible, and invisible, in addition to that it guarantees them crossing the dangers of the other world, and obtaining the ultimate important goal, which was immortality, amulets had been found in ancient Egyptian tombs, since prehistoric times.

  • It is worth noting that amulets appeared in a very exaggerated way in the late ancient Egyptian times, when priests dominated the people's thought.
  • The ancient Egyptians believed also in the effect of the material that was used for making amulets, as that some materials had hidden great powers, in addition to that the amulets had different effects such as, Organic effect [as it brings them healing and health and keeps them away from pain, and helplessness], the alternative effect [It is believed here that the amulet was a substitute for the damaged member in the mummy, and from it took the forms of human organs including the human head amulet, face, ear and foot, penis, breast, tongue, heart amulet, and dental], the most important effect of all of these, undoubtedly, was the magical effect.


The Key of Life, or "Ankh"

Amulets (part1)



  • It considered to be one of the most important amulets to the ancient Egyptian, as it is a symbol of eternal life for the ancient Egyptians, they used it to treat diseases, and expel Satan, there was no amulet that occupied the minds of egyptologists as much as the “Ankh” sign, or the key of life, occupied their thinking.
  • It was one of the most important hieroglyphics signs, that the illiterates in ancient Egypt could understand it, as it was often depicted on pottery vessels owned by the common people, The peasants were made it in the fields from wheat stalks, palm fronds, and hung them on trees, and houses to seek blessing, As well as it was also carried by the soldiers in battles in a chain attached to their chests, or engraved on their wrists or on shields, The scholars disagreed about the meaning of this amulet, but they agreed on one thing, that it means "life".
  • The key of life had different coloursBlue to prevent evil spirits and envy, Green to give health and youth, white to express purity and youthBlack to bring good luck, although they believed that the key of life, which was made from gold, brings all the elements of goodness, and resists all the elements of evil.

  • Some people have confused between the Pharaonic Egyptian key of life, and with the Christian cross because of the relative similarity between them in shape, although the key of life appeared hundreds of years before Christians used the cross.
  • Many researchers assert that the key of life mainly represents the Nile River, where the oval head represents the delta region in northern Egypt, and the vertical part represents the path of the Nile from south to north, Recent scientific research reveals that the key of life has a role in the reorganization of energy in the human body, and his life, such as the research wich made by the American physicist who called (Walter Russell) indicated that the universe arose in the development and interaction of two energies, which are electricity and magnetism, the balance between them is  responsible for the emergence of life, as electricity spreads in straight lines and magnetism spreads in oval or semi-circular lines, and they meet in the form of the key of life so, the lowest part represents the sun or the phenomenon of electricity, and the upper part is an oval that represents magnetic energy or the moon.

  • The key of life represents one of the forms of energy therapy, which leaves an impact on controlling the patient's vital energy, so the ancient people used to keep the key of life in their homes, which helps to spread energy, get rid harmful rays, and electromagnetic.

  • Therefore, the design of this amulet was widespread in the manufacture of jewelry, decorative tools, furniture and architectural styles, many foreign cultures have been influenced by the Egyptian Key of Life as it often appeared on ancient coins such as Cyprus, and Asia.


Djed pillar amulet


Amulets (part1)


  • It is one of the oldest symbols, and one of the most common amulets in the ancient Egyptian religion, the Djed pillar amulet  symbolizes stability, It consists of a column, and at its top there are four horizontal pillars, and it is believed that it symbolizes the last four vertebrae in the backbone of Osiris (the lord of death according to the ancient Egyptian myth), known as the lumbar vertebrae, It's importance as it gives stability to the human body, it was placed around the neck of the deceased, and on the sides of the coffin.


Wedjet amulet



  • The first appearance of the amulets of wedjet in the late Old Kingdom, and it continued production until the Roman era, This amulet is the most well-known of all protective amulets, as well as the most commonly used on mummies, and it has worn during their lifetime, as it was used by the ancient Egyptians to protect against envy, evil spirits and harmful animals, this amulet was placed at the top of the chest of the pharaoh's mummy to protect them in the tomb.

                                                                《To be continued Amulets part 2



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