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El Qasr Village in Bahariya Oasis - oldest Islamic town


El Qasr Village considered to be one of the oldestand one of the most important Islamic town in the world. as it represents the only surviving example of Islamic cities, and civil architecture in the Ottoman era.

El Qasr Village in Bahariya Oasis - oldest Islamic town

It is an architectural masterpiece that still preserves all the monuments that were in it at that time, as it was a major route for pilgrims and caravans from Morocco on their way to Mecca.

The Islamic Village Of Al-Qasr

  • It was called by the village of Qasr because of the remains of an ancient Roman palace under the ruins of this village, whose stones were taken, and used in building the facades of the houses.

El Qasr Village in Bahariya Oasis - oldest Islamic town

The Mill of  El Qasr villagethe Dakhla oasis, Egypt

El Qasr Village in Bahariya Oasis - oldest Islamic town

Inside El Qasr Village there is one of the oldest Mills in the world, it is a large mill was used to grind the wheat that the people of the city use in making their food, the mill was used to work daily except for Friday, which was the weekend on which the mill rested, as well as the animals that used to operate the mill, in addition to doing weekly maintenance of the mill to start its work at the beginning of the week, citizens used to pay the fare of it

  1. cash.
  2. or by barter, by giving the miller worker quantity of flour after the completion of the milling process.

Traditional architecture in the city of Al-Qasr in the New Valley 

  • The village has a distinctive engineering plan, as it was divided into 10 neighborhoods and lanes, each neighborhood was closing by a large door at night, fearing the raids of the hostile tribes, these neighbourhood are named after the names of the families who lived in them.

The village includes about 200 houses, the heights of the houses in the village do not exceed three floors.

  1. The first floor include places for living.
  2. The second floor was used for sleeping.
  3. The third floor for storing fruits and crops, on the facade of it there are wooden lintels with poems written on them wishes goodness, and blessings to its inhabitants.

El Qasr Village in Bahariya Oasis - oldest Islamic town

  • It is noticeable that the streets of the village are narrow, to allow the passage of cold air to expel hot air, and to protect the population from dust storms, while the temperature inside its buildings is about 13 ° C lower than the outside, this thing indicates the greatness and ability of the inhabitants of this village, who were able to harness nature for their benefit despite the lack of resources.

El Qasr Village in Bahariya Oasis - oldest Islamic town

Sheikh Nasr al-Din Mosque, Dakhla oasis

El Qasr Village in Bahariya Oasis - oldest Islamic town

Sheikh Nasr al-Din Mosque  is one of the distinctive landmarks in El Qasr Village, which is considered to be one of the oldest mosques remaining in its condition in Egypt, the construction of the mosque dates back to the first century AH, it is distinguished by its wooden minaret, which is about 21 meters high, it dates back to the Ayyubid era, these minaret still preserves its architectural features until now, while the tomb of Sheikh Nasr is inside the mosque.

 Court of El Qasr Village

  • El Qasr Village has an old Court, to settle the disputes of the people of the city, inside it there are Separate prison rooms for men and women, and a room for the judge and court personnel.

Dr. Alia Museum of anthropological

El Qasr Village in Bahariya Oasis - oldest Islamic town

  • Dr. Alia Museum is an anthropological museum set up by an anthropologist, and her husband, as they bought an old house and turned it into a museum that includes old exhibits, which are testament to the palace's culture, heritage, customs and families.

El Qasr Village restoration project

  • El Qasr restoration project began in 2015, with a Japanese grant, its cost amounted to 2 million, and 700 thousand Egyptian pounds, it was supervised by the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities, as the restoration work contributed to the survival of this unique Islamic monuments, as these mud-brick houses has been able to withstand time for all these centuries

Ministry of Antiquities has now begun to take executive measures to include the village of “Al Qasr Al Islamiyya” on the UNESCO World Heritage List, due to its unique archaeological elements in the world.


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Asmaa Ahmed

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