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Interesting facts in the valley temple of King chephren- khafre

 
Interesting facts in the valley temple of King chephren- khafre

Interesting facts in the valley temple of King chephren- khafre which is the only one from the old kingdom temples that is still standing, and complete to this day.

  • The Valley Temple first appeared during the reign of Pharaoh Sneferu, and its construction continued until the end of the Twelfth Dynasty.

What was the Valley Temple?

The Valley Temple was built at the confluence of the desert with the agricultural land, and water channels were sometimes built for it.

What is a valley temple used for?

  • It is the first place where the body of the deceased king is transported after his death to be washed and mummified.
  • It was washed in the ground hall, while mummification was on the roof of the valley temple, its duration was 40 days, according to papyri stored in the Egyptian Museum at Tahrir square .

The Valley Temple of King Khafre was built with huge limestone stones and its walls were clad with polished red-pink granite blocks, while the floor of the temple was built of alabaster stones.

Interesting facts in the valley temple of King chephren- khafre

Interesting facts in the valley temple 

  • At the end of the Sixth Dynasty, a revolution occurred in Egypt.
  • It is known that when any revolution occurs in the world over the course of different ages, it is accompanied by riots and devastation, so the priests of the valley temple were afraid for the temple to be stolen, so they collected 6 statues and put them in this well.

  • These statues are now in the Egyptian Museum, including a statue that expresses the accuracy and splendor of ancient Egyptian art, made of green diorite stone, which was distinguished by its extreme hardness.
  • No one has been able to sculpt this solid stone over the different ages with such precision and ingenuity, and because of the importance of this statue, his image was placed on 10 Egyptian pounds.

  • The well was discovered by the French archaeological scientist "Auguste Mariette", who founded the Egyptian Museum, and he was buried in its garden in honor of him and his efforts in Egyptian archeology.

  • There were 23 statues in the temples, which is the same number of funeral hymns that take place immediately before the mummification process.
  • The floor of the temple was built of alabaster stone, the ancient Egyptians called it the solar stone, as it was distinguished by the fact that when sunlight, this type of stone illuminates.


 

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Asmaa Ahmed

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